Factors contributing improvement of syringomyelia and surgical outcome in type I Chiari malformation.Childs Nerv Syst. 2009 Apr; 25(4):453-9.CN
The aim of our study was to compare pre- and postoperative radiologic data of posterior fossa and the improvement of syringomyelia after posterior fossa decompression (PFD) with and without tonsillar management in Chiari type capital I, Ukrainian malformation (CM-I).
MATERIAL AND METHODS
A retrospective analysis was made of all patients who underwent PFD between Oct 1991 and March 2007 for CM-I. Fifty-seven patients treated for CM-I at a single institution were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups according to the procedures used during their PFD: PFD vs. PFD with tonsillar management. To determine whether the tonsillar management or changes of posterior fossa volume relate with surgical outcome, we measure posterior fossa size and syringomyelia pre- and postoperatively using magnetic resonance imaging.
Forty patients (70.2%) received PFD and 17 patients (29.8%) received PFD with tonsillar management. The length of syringomyelia affected improvement of syringomyelia (alteration rate, A-rate). Clinical symptoms, craniectomy size, syringomyelia type, and the surgeon's specialty did not affect A-rate. Tonsillar management has no significant effect on improvement of syringomyelia. Four patients need repeated surgery due to recurrence.
We have shown that tonsillar management do not lead to improve A-rate, and the radiologic changes of posterior fossa volume do not relate with radiologic improvement of syringomyelia. PFD without tonsillar management is sufficient to improve syringomyelia. The longer syrinx, the more A-rate improve in our study. However, a wider craniectomy is unrelated to A-rate. In cases of recurrent patients, we obtained good results with tonsillar management or syringosubarachnoid shunt.