Degradation of a four-pesticide mixture by combined photo-Fenton and biological oxidation.Water Res. 2009 Feb; 43(3):653-60.WR
Complete degradation of a pesticide mixture by a combination of a photo-Fenton pretreatment and an activated-sludge batch reactor is demonstrated. Four commercial pesticides, Laition, Metasystox, Sevnol and Ultracid were chosen for this experiment. The active ingredients are, respectively, dimethoate, oxydemeton-methyl, carbaryl and methidathion. The original pesticide concentration was 200 mg L(-1). Biotreatment began after 31% photocatalytic mineralization, which after 5 h in a 6-L stirred batch-mode tank reactor with non-acclimated activated sludge, leaves the photo-Fenton effluent completely degraded. This biotreatment time is shorter than commonly found in municipal wastewater treatment plants (approximately 8-10 h). Therefore, the combined process is effective for rapid pesticide degradation in wastewater with complete removal of parent compounds and the associated DOC concentration. Nonetheless, assessment of this technology should take into account higher pesticide concentrations and how this factor affects both the photocatalytic and the biological oxidation.