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Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged men and women in Gothenburg, Sweden.
BMC Public Health 2008; 8:403BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Random samples of 50-year-old men living in Gothenburg have been examined every 10th year since 1963 with a focus on cardiovascular risk factors. The aims of the study were to acquire up-to-date information about risk factors in the fifth cohort of 50-year-old men and women, to re-examine those who were 50 years of age in 1993, and to analyse the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) using different definitions.

METHODS

A random sample of men and women born in 1953 were examined in 2003-2004 for cardiovascular risk factors. Men born in 1943 and that participated in the examination in 1993 were also invited. Descriptive statistics were calculated.

RESULTS

The participation rate among men and women born in 1953 was 60 and 67% respectively. Among men born in 1943, the participation rate was 87%. The prevalence of obesity was from 15 to 17% (body mass index, BMI >or= 30) in the three samples. The prevalence of known diabetes was 4% among the 50-year-old men and 6% among the 60-year-old men, and 2% among the women. Increased fasting plasma glucose varied substantially from 4 to 33% depending on cut-off level and gender. Mean cholesterol was 5.4 to 5.5 mmol/l. Smoking was more common among women aged 50 (26%) than among men aged 50 (22%) and 60 years (15%). The prevalence of the MetSyn varied with the definition used: from 10 to 15.8% among the women, from 16.1 to 26% among 50-year-old men, and from 19.9 to 35% among the 60-year-old men. Only 5% of the men and women had no risk factors.

CONCLUSION

This study provides up-to-date information about the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and the MetSyn in middle-aged Swedish men and women. Different definitions of the MetSyn create confusion regarding which definition to use.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Lidköping Hospital, Lidköping, Sweden. lennart.x.welin@vgregion.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19063738

Citation

Welin, Lennart, et al. "Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors and the Metabolic Syndrome in Middle-aged Men and Women in Gothenburg, Sweden." BMC Public Health, vol. 8, 2008, p. 403.
Welin L, Adlerberth A, Caidahl K, et al. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged men and women in Gothenburg, Sweden. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:403.
Welin, L., Adlerberth, A., Caidahl, K., Eriksson, H., Hansson, P. O., Johansson, S., ... Wilhelmsen, L. (2008). Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged men and women in Gothenburg, Sweden. BMC Public Health, 8, p. 403. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-403.
Welin L, et al. Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors and the Metabolic Syndrome in Middle-aged Men and Women in Gothenburg, Sweden. BMC Public Health. 2008 Dec 8;8:403. PubMed PMID: 19063738.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged men and women in Gothenburg, Sweden. AU - Welin,Lennart, AU - Adlerberth,Annika, AU - Caidahl,Kenneth, AU - Eriksson,Henry, AU - Hansson,Per-Olof, AU - Johansson,Saga, AU - Rosengren,Annika, AU - Svärdsudd,Kurt, AU - Welin,Catharina, AU - Wilhelmsen,Lars, Y1 - 2008/12/08/ PY - 2008/04/01/received PY - 2008/12/08/accepted PY - 2008/12/10/pubmed PY - 2009/4/25/medline PY - 2008/12/10/entrez SP - 403 EP - 403 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: Random samples of 50-year-old men living in Gothenburg have been examined every 10th year since 1963 with a focus on cardiovascular risk factors. The aims of the study were to acquire up-to-date information about risk factors in the fifth cohort of 50-year-old men and women, to re-examine those who were 50 years of age in 1993, and to analyse the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) using different definitions. METHODS: A random sample of men and women born in 1953 were examined in 2003-2004 for cardiovascular risk factors. Men born in 1943 and that participated in the examination in 1993 were also invited. Descriptive statistics were calculated. RESULTS: The participation rate among men and women born in 1953 was 60 and 67% respectively. Among men born in 1943, the participation rate was 87%. The prevalence of obesity was from 15 to 17% (body mass index, BMI >or= 30) in the three samples. The prevalence of known diabetes was 4% among the 50-year-old men and 6% among the 60-year-old men, and 2% among the women. Increased fasting plasma glucose varied substantially from 4 to 33% depending on cut-off level and gender. Mean cholesterol was 5.4 to 5.5 mmol/l. Smoking was more common among women aged 50 (26%) than among men aged 50 (22%) and 60 years (15%). The prevalence of the MetSyn varied with the definition used: from 10 to 15.8% among the women, from 16.1 to 26% among 50-year-old men, and from 19.9 to 35% among the 60-year-old men. Only 5% of the men and women had no risk factors. CONCLUSION: This study provides up-to-date information about the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and the MetSyn in middle-aged Swedish men and women. Different definitions of the MetSyn create confusion regarding which definition to use. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19063738/Prevalence_of_cardiovascular_risk_factors_and_the_metabolic_syndrome_in_middle_aged_men_and_women_in_Gothenburg_Sweden_ L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-8-403 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -