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Body composition and resting energy expenditure of individuals with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy.
Can J Diet Pract Res. 2008 Winter; 69(4):208-12.CJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

The relationship between body composition and resting energy expenditure (REE) was investigated in two boys and two men with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) (ages 11 to 22.4 years) and two boys with Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) (ages 7.75 and 13.75 years).

METHODS

The REE was assessed by indirect calorimetry; body composition indices (weight, height, skinfolds, and mid-arm circumference) were measured using standardized techniques and compared with healthy reference data.

RESULTS

Those with DMD had reduced corrected mid-upper-arm muscle area (C-MUMA) in comparison with healthy peers, and approximately twice the subcutaneous fat levels of subjects with BMD and healthy peers. Boys with BMD had remarkably lower muscle status than did boys with DMD and healthy peers. In both groups, REE was lower than in healthy peers; REE was associated with body weight (r=0.85), height (r=0.92), mid-upper arm fat area (MUFA) (r=0.97), and C-MUMA (r=0.65).

CONCLUSIONS

Individuals with muscular dystrophy (MD) exhibit considerable disease-specific alterations in body composition. The REE had a stronger relationship with growth (weight and height) and subcutaneous body fat composition and a weaker association with C-MUMA. Understanding the effect of MD on body composition and REE will allow dietitians to individualize energy recommendations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Grant MacEwan College, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19063812

Citation

Hogan, S Eileen. "Body Composition and Resting Energy Expenditure of Individuals With Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy." Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research : a Publication of Dietitians of Canada = Revue Canadienne De La Pratique Et De La Recherche En Dietetique : Une Publication Des Dietetistes Du Canada, vol. 69, no. 4, 2008, pp. 208-12.
Hogan SE. Body composition and resting energy expenditure of individuals with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2008;69(4):208-12.
Hogan, S. E. (2008). Body composition and resting energy expenditure of individuals with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research : a Publication of Dietitians of Canada = Revue Canadienne De La Pratique Et De La Recherche En Dietetique : Une Publication Des Dietetistes Du Canada, 69(4), 208-12.
Hogan SE. Body Composition and Resting Energy Expenditure of Individuals With Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2008;69(4):208-12. PubMed PMID: 19063812.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Body composition and resting energy expenditure of individuals with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. A1 - Hogan,S Eileen, PY - 2008/12/10/pubmed PY - 2009/1/30/medline PY - 2008/12/10/entrez SP - 208 EP - 12 JF - Canadian journal of dietetic practice and research : a publication of Dietitians of Canada = Revue canadienne de la pratique et de la recherche en dietetique : une publication des Dietetistes du Canada JO - Can J Diet Pract Res VL - 69 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE: The relationship between body composition and resting energy expenditure (REE) was investigated in two boys and two men with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) (ages 11 to 22.4 years) and two boys with Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) (ages 7.75 and 13.75 years). METHODS: The REE was assessed by indirect calorimetry; body composition indices (weight, height, skinfolds, and mid-arm circumference) were measured using standardized techniques and compared with healthy reference data. RESULTS: Those with DMD had reduced corrected mid-upper-arm muscle area (C-MUMA) in comparison with healthy peers, and approximately twice the subcutaneous fat levels of subjects with BMD and healthy peers. Boys with BMD had remarkably lower muscle status than did boys with DMD and healthy peers. In both groups, REE was lower than in healthy peers; REE was associated with body weight (r=0.85), height (r=0.92), mid-upper arm fat area (MUFA) (r=0.97), and C-MUMA (r=0.65). CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with muscular dystrophy (MD) exhibit considerable disease-specific alterations in body composition. The REE had a stronger relationship with growth (weight and height) and subcutaneous body fat composition and a weaker association with C-MUMA. Understanding the effect of MD on body composition and REE will allow dietitians to individualize energy recommendations. SN - 1486-3847 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19063812/Body_composition_and_resting_energy_expenditure_of_individuals_with_Duchenne_and_Becker_muscular_dystrophy_ L2 - http://dcjournal.ca/doi/full/10.3148/69.4.2008.208?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -