Expression of p53 protein in liver and sera of patients with liver fibrosis, liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma associated with chronic HCV infection.Clin Biochem 2009; 42(6):455-61CB
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major aetiological agent of chronic hepatitis and it leads to the development of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The significances of p53 protein and anti-p53 antibodies levels in HCV genotype IV infected patients with different liver pathology were evaluated.
DESIGN AND METHODS
Immunostaining and western blot based on monospecific anti-p53 antibody were used for the identification of p53 protein in liver tissues and serum samples. The serum levels of p53 protein and anti-p53 IgG antibodies were evaluated using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
Mild and diffuse p53 cytoplasmic immunostaining was found in liver tissues of patients with liver fibrosis [F1-F3] and liver cirrhosis [F4] in comparison with strong and diffuse p53 cytoplasmic immunostaining in patients with HCC. The target p53 protein was identified in sera of patients with liver fibrosis, liver cirrhosis and HCC at 53-kDa. The detection rate of serum p53 protein increases significantly (p<0.05) with the progression of the liver pathology. However, a significant difference (p<0.05) was only shown between serum p53 protein level of HCC patients and those of other liver pathology. In contrast, anti-p53 IgG antibodies positive rates showed only a significant decrease (p<0.05) in HCC in comparison with liver cirrhosis.
The serum and cytoplasmic p53 protein expressions were more pronounced in patients with HCC more than liver cirrhosis, and in liver cirrhosis more than liver fibrosis. These results suggest that HCV genotype IV and p53 protein levels may have a role in the development of HCC among Egyptian patients.