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Prostate cancer and vegetable consumption.
Mol Nutr Food Res 2009; 53(2):201-16MN

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have shown marked variations in prostate cancer incidence and mortality across different geographic regions, leading to the rising interest in the role of nutrition in prostate cancer risk. There is also a large body of evidence that a diverse diet, rich in vegetables, can reduce the risk of prostate cancer. In this review, the role of various kinds of vegetables and their bioactive compounds associated with prostate cancer risk, and the underlying mechanisms of these associations are summarized. There is accumulating evidence to support the consumption of lycopene, in particular tomato and tomato-based products, as protective factors against prostate cancer. Evidence on the protective role of beta-carotene was inconsistent from cohort and case-control studies. Evidence on the effect of pulses or soy consumption on prostate cancer risk was limited but suggestive of decreased risk with increased pulses or soy consumption. However, the role of vitamin C, vitamin E, allium vegetables, and cruciferous vegetables on prostate cancer risk remains to be determined due to limited evidence. Although the impact on prostate cancer risk differs among various vegetables and their constituent nutrients, the overall benefits of plant based diet on cancer prevention and other diet-related diseases should be promoted.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong SAR. ruthchansm@cuhk.edu.hkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19065589

Citation

Chan, Ruth, et al. "Prostate Cancer and Vegetable Consumption." Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, vol. 53, no. 2, 2009, pp. 201-16.
Chan R, Lok K, Woo J. Prostate cancer and vegetable consumption. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2009;53(2):201-16.
Chan, R., Lok, K., & Woo, J. (2009). Prostate cancer and vegetable consumption. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 53(2), pp. 201-16. doi:10.1002/mnfr.200800113.
Chan R, Lok K, Woo J. Prostate Cancer and Vegetable Consumption. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2009;53(2):201-16. PubMed PMID: 19065589.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prostate cancer and vegetable consumption. AU - Chan,Ruth, AU - Lok,Kris, AU - Woo,Jean, PY - 2008/12/10/pubmed PY - 2009/4/30/medline PY - 2008/12/10/entrez SP - 201 EP - 16 JF - Molecular nutrition & food research JO - Mol Nutr Food Res VL - 53 IS - 2 N2 - Epidemiological studies have shown marked variations in prostate cancer incidence and mortality across different geographic regions, leading to the rising interest in the role of nutrition in prostate cancer risk. There is also a large body of evidence that a diverse diet, rich in vegetables, can reduce the risk of prostate cancer. In this review, the role of various kinds of vegetables and their bioactive compounds associated with prostate cancer risk, and the underlying mechanisms of these associations are summarized. There is accumulating evidence to support the consumption of lycopene, in particular tomato and tomato-based products, as protective factors against prostate cancer. Evidence on the protective role of beta-carotene was inconsistent from cohort and case-control studies. Evidence on the effect of pulses or soy consumption on prostate cancer risk was limited but suggestive of decreased risk with increased pulses or soy consumption. However, the role of vitamin C, vitamin E, allium vegetables, and cruciferous vegetables on prostate cancer risk remains to be determined due to limited evidence. Although the impact on prostate cancer risk differs among various vegetables and their constituent nutrients, the overall benefits of plant based diet on cancer prevention and other diet-related diseases should be promoted. SN - 1613-4133 UR - http://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19065589/Prostate_cancer_and_vegetable_consumption_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.200800113 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -