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Effect of a lifestyle intervention in patients with abnormal liver enzymes and metabolic risk factors.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2009; 24(3):399-407JG

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease associated with insulin resistance is the most common cause of abnormal liver tests in clinical practice. To date, practical and effective strategies to improve the metabolic profile of this large group of patients have not been well characterised. We sought to assess the effect at 3 months of a behavior change-based lifestyle intervention on the metabolic profile of patients characterised by elevated liver enzymes.

METHODS

A total of 152 patients with elevated liver enzymes, central obesity and a range of metabolic risk factors were randomised to either a moderate- (6 sessions/10 weeks) or low-intensity (3 sessions/4 weeks) lifestyle counselling intervention or control group.

RESULTS

There was improvement in all metabolic risk factors in the moderate-intensity group, versus a smaller number of changes in the low-intensity intervention group and no change in any metabolic risk factors in control subjects. Reduction in liver enzymes was greatest in the moderate-intensity intervention group and least in the control group. The likelihood of elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels in both the moderate and low-intensity groups was reduced by over 70% compared to controls. The proportion of subjects achieving weight loss (>or= 2%) was significantly higher in the moderate-intensity intervention group (66%) versus the low-intensity intervention group (39%; P < 0.05) and controls (29%; P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

Moderate and even low-intensity lifestyle counselling interventions targeting improvement in physical activity and nutritional behaviors and modest weight loss are a practical and effective method for improving the health of patients with elevated liver enzymes and a range of metabolic risk factors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Storr Liver Unit, Westmead Millennium Institute, University of Sydney and Westmead Hospital, Sydney, Australia. j.george@usyd.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19067776

Citation

St George, Alexis, et al. "Effect of a Lifestyle Intervention in Patients With Abnormal Liver Enzymes and Metabolic Risk Factors." Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 24, no. 3, 2009, pp. 399-407.
St George A, Bauman A, Johnston A, et al. Effect of a lifestyle intervention in patients with abnormal liver enzymes and metabolic risk factors. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009;24(3):399-407.
St George, A., Bauman, A., Johnston, A., Farrell, G., Chey, T., & George, J. (2009). Effect of a lifestyle intervention in patients with abnormal liver enzymes and metabolic risk factors. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 24(3), pp. 399-407. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1746.2008.05694.x.
St George A, et al. Effect of a Lifestyle Intervention in Patients With Abnormal Liver Enzymes and Metabolic Risk Factors. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009;24(3):399-407. PubMed PMID: 19067776.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of a lifestyle intervention in patients with abnormal liver enzymes and metabolic risk factors. AU - St George,Alexis, AU - Bauman,Adrian, AU - Johnston,Amanda, AU - Farrell,Geoffrey, AU - Chey,Tien, AU - George,Jacob, Y1 - 2008/12/02/ PY - 2008/12/11/pubmed PY - 2009/6/26/medline PY - 2008/12/11/entrez SP - 399 EP - 407 JF - Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology JO - J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. VL - 24 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIM: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease associated with insulin resistance is the most common cause of abnormal liver tests in clinical practice. To date, practical and effective strategies to improve the metabolic profile of this large group of patients have not been well characterised. We sought to assess the effect at 3 months of a behavior change-based lifestyle intervention on the metabolic profile of patients characterised by elevated liver enzymes. METHODS: A total of 152 patients with elevated liver enzymes, central obesity and a range of metabolic risk factors were randomised to either a moderate- (6 sessions/10 weeks) or low-intensity (3 sessions/4 weeks) lifestyle counselling intervention or control group. RESULTS: There was improvement in all metabolic risk factors in the moderate-intensity group, versus a smaller number of changes in the low-intensity intervention group and no change in any metabolic risk factors in control subjects. Reduction in liver enzymes was greatest in the moderate-intensity intervention group and least in the control group. The likelihood of elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels in both the moderate and low-intensity groups was reduced by over 70% compared to controls. The proportion of subjects achieving weight loss (>or= 2%) was significantly higher in the moderate-intensity intervention group (66%) versus the low-intensity intervention group (39%; P < 0.05) and controls (29%; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Moderate and even low-intensity lifestyle counselling interventions targeting improvement in physical activity and nutritional behaviors and modest weight loss are a practical and effective method for improving the health of patients with elevated liver enzymes and a range of metabolic risk factors. SN - 1440-1746 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19067776/Effect_of_a_lifestyle_intervention_in_patients_with_abnormal_liver_enzymes_and_metabolic_risk_factors_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1746.2008.05694.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -