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The height of the osteotomy and the correction of the kyphotic angle in thoracolumbar kyphosis.
Chin Med J (Engl). 2008 Oct 05; 121(19):1906-10.CM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This study investigated the relationship between the height of osteotomy and the correction of the kyphotic angle during posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation and the spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach in thoracolumbar kyphosis, and using this relationship as the basis of the preoperative design.

METHODS

From April 1996 to June 2007, 30 thoracolumbar kyphosis patients with complete medical records and clear X-ray photograms have undergone operation. Of these 30 cases, 16 cases underwent posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation while the height of the osteotomy and the correction of the angle have been measured; 14 cases underwent spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach while the height of the osteotomy, the height and the place of the cage and the correction of the angle were also measured. A simple geometrical model was simulated to calculate the relationship between the height of the osteotomy and the correction of the angle and these results are finally compared with the data coming from the actual measuring by the Wilcoxon statistic method.

RESULTS

The distribution of data from the 16 cases by posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation was as such: 9 male and 7 female, the mean age was 49.2 years (range 38-70), the kyphosis improved from an average of 30 degrees (range 15 degrees-45 degrees) preoperatively to 4 degrees (range -26 degrees-30 degrees) postoperatively, the kyphosis was corrected on average 2.5 degrees per 1 mm in the height of the osteotomy. The results from the simple geometrical model were that the mean of the correction of the angle per 1 mm was 2.2 degrees. As a result, there was no significant difference (P > 0.05) when comparing the measurement collected with the result simulated from the geometric model. The distribution of data from the 14 cases by spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach was as such: 5 male and 9 female, the mean age was 35.3 years old (range 15 - 57), the kyphosis improved from an average of 64 degrees (range 34 degrees-95 degrees) preoperatively to 8.7 degrees (range -10 degrees-22 degrees) postoperatively. The kyphosis was corrected on average of 6.2 degrees per 1 mm in the height of the osteotomy. The results from the simple geometrical model is that the mean of the correction of the angle per 1 mm was 6.6 degrees . There was also no significant difference (P > 0.05) when comparing the measurement collected with the result simulated from the geometric model.

CONCLUSIONS

The therapeutic effect is significant for both posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation and spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach. The posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation is an easier approach with the mean angle of the correction per 1 mm of 2.5 degrees and the maximum angle of correction of 45 degrees . The spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach is more efficient with the mean angle of correction per 1 mm of 6.2 degrees . It should be reserved for the severe cases of thoracolumbar kyphosis. We can also use the formula to help us constructing preoperative design.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthopaedics, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19080122

Citation

Hao, Chou-kuan, et al. "The Height of the Osteotomy and the Correction of the Kyphotic Angle in Thoracolumbar Kyphosis." Chinese Medical Journal, vol. 121, no. 19, 2008, pp. 1906-10.
Hao CK, Li WS, Chen ZQ. The height of the osteotomy and the correction of the kyphotic angle in thoracolumbar kyphosis. Chin Med J. 2008;121(19):1906-10.
Hao, C. K., Li, W. S., & Chen, Z. Q. (2008). The height of the osteotomy and the correction of the kyphotic angle in thoracolumbar kyphosis. Chinese Medical Journal, 121(19), 1906-10.
Hao CK, Li WS, Chen ZQ. The Height of the Osteotomy and the Correction of the Kyphotic Angle in Thoracolumbar Kyphosis. Chin Med J. 2008 Oct 5;121(19):1906-10. PubMed PMID: 19080122.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The height of the osteotomy and the correction of the kyphotic angle in thoracolumbar kyphosis. AU - Hao,Chou-kuan, AU - Li,Wei-shi, AU - Chen,Zhong-qiang, PY - 2008/12/17/entrez PY - 2008/12/17/pubmed PY - 2009/1/7/medline SP - 1906 EP - 10 JF - Chinese medical journal JO - Chin. Med. J. VL - 121 IS - 19 N2 - BACKGROUND: This study investigated the relationship between the height of osteotomy and the correction of the kyphotic angle during posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation and the spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach in thoracolumbar kyphosis, and using this relationship as the basis of the preoperative design. METHODS: From April 1996 to June 2007, 30 thoracolumbar kyphosis patients with complete medical records and clear X-ray photograms have undergone operation. Of these 30 cases, 16 cases underwent posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation while the height of the osteotomy and the correction of the angle have been measured; 14 cases underwent spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach while the height of the osteotomy, the height and the place of the cage and the correction of the angle were also measured. A simple geometrical model was simulated to calculate the relationship between the height of the osteotomy and the correction of the angle and these results are finally compared with the data coming from the actual measuring by the Wilcoxon statistic method. RESULTS: The distribution of data from the 16 cases by posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation was as such: 9 male and 7 female, the mean age was 49.2 years (range 38-70), the kyphosis improved from an average of 30 degrees (range 15 degrees-45 degrees) preoperatively to 4 degrees (range -26 degrees-30 degrees) postoperatively, the kyphosis was corrected on average 2.5 degrees per 1 mm in the height of the osteotomy. The results from the simple geometrical model were that the mean of the correction of the angle per 1 mm was 2.2 degrees. As a result, there was no significant difference (P > 0.05) when comparing the measurement collected with the result simulated from the geometric model. The distribution of data from the 14 cases by spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach was as such: 5 male and 9 female, the mean age was 35.3 years old (range 15 - 57), the kyphosis improved from an average of 64 degrees (range 34 degrees-95 degrees) preoperatively to 8.7 degrees (range -10 degrees-22 degrees) postoperatively. The kyphosis was corrected on average of 6.2 degrees per 1 mm in the height of the osteotomy. The results from the simple geometrical model is that the mean of the correction of the angle per 1 mm was 6.6 degrees . There was also no significant difference (P > 0.05) when comparing the measurement collected with the result simulated from the geometric model. CONCLUSIONS: The therapeutic effect is significant for both posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation and spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach. The posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation is an easier approach with the mean angle of the correction per 1 mm of 2.5 degrees and the maximum angle of correction of 45 degrees . The spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach is more efficient with the mean angle of correction per 1 mm of 6.2 degrees . It should be reserved for the severe cases of thoracolumbar kyphosis. We can also use the formula to help us constructing preoperative design. SN - 0366-6999 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19080122/The_height_of_the_osteotomy_and_the_correction_of_the_kyphotic_angle_in_thoracolumbar_kyphosis_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=19080122 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -