[Relation of vascular endothelial growth factor-D expression to microvessel density, microlymphatic vessel density, and lymph-node metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma].Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2008 Aug 12; 88(31):2179-82.ZY
To investigate the relationship of expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-D to microvessel density (MVD), microlymphatic vessel density (MLVD), and lymph node metastasis in lung adenocarcinoma.
Fresh specimens of lung adenocarcinoma were collected form 48 patients with lung adenocarcinoma, 28 males and 20 females, aged 35 - 78, during operation. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of VEGF-D, and immunohistochemistry was used to detect the protein expression of VEGF-D, CD34 (marker of MVD), and VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-3 (marker of MLV).
The expression of VEGF-D mRNA in the lung cancer was significantly higher than that in the normal lung tissue, and the expression of VEGF-D protein in the cancerous invasive edge was significantly higher than that in the center of cancerous tissues. Twenty-one of the 29 lung adenocarcinoma patients at stages III - IV were VEGF-D positive, a proportion significantly higher than that of the patients at stages I - II (7/19, P = 0.015). The MLVD of the VEGF-D positive group was 10.25 +/- 2.50, significantly higher than that of the VEGF-D negative group (6.8 +/- 2.2, P < 0.01). Twenty-three of the 28 VEGF-D positive patients showed lymph node metastasis, a proportion significantly higher than that of the VEGF-D negative group (9/20, P = 0.012).
VEGF-D is related with the lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis in lung adenocarcinoma, but not with angiogenesis.