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Influence of physical activity and television-watching time on asthma and allergic rhinitis among young adolescents: preventive or aggravating?
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2008 Sep-Oct; 36(5):247-53.AI

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Related to exercise hypothesis, the aim of the present study was to explore the influence of physical activity on asthma and allergic rhinitis in a developing country where publicity campaigns about the benefits of exercise are scarce.

METHODS

The analysed data were self-reported and obtained through the standardized International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Phase Three written questionnaires completed by 3026 adolescents 13/14 year old in Skopje (Republic of Macedonia). Vigorous physical activity and television-watching timeboth unadjusted and adjusted for confounding factorswere used as variables for analysis. Odds ratios (OR, 95 % CI) in binary logistic regression were employed for statistic analysis of the data.

RESULTS

Vigorous physical activity both > or = 3 times and 1-2 times per week was associated with an increased risk of current wheeze (aOR: 1.66; 1.08-2.55; p = 0.020 and aOR: 1.70; 1.23-2.36; p = 0.001, respectively), speech-limiting wheeze (aOR: 3.15; 1.13-8.77; p = 0.028 and aOR: 4.62; 2.22-9.62; p = 0.000, respectively) and exercise-induced wheeze (aOR: 2.72; 1.93-3.83; p = 0.000 and aOR: 4.01; 3.12-5.14; p = 0.000, respectively). Frequent physical activity was positively associated only with current allergic rhinitis symptoms (aOR: 1.40; 1.04-1.90; p = 0.029). Television watching > or = 3 hours a day increased the risk of current wheeze (aOR: 1.34; 1.01-1.77; p = 0.042) and exercise-induced wheeze (aOR: 1.32; 1.05-1.65; p = 0.016).

CONCLUSION

The findings support the aggravating role of sedentary regimen and poor physical fitness on asthma symptoms, but not on allergic rhinitis. Physical activity may trigger asthma symptoms when physical fitness is poor and asthma is not controlled.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pulmonology and Allergology. University Children's Hospital. Skopje. The Republic of Macedonia. vlaskie@sonet.com.mkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19080795

Citation

Vlaski, E, et al. "Influence of Physical Activity and Television-watching Time On Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis Among Young Adolescents: Preventive or Aggravating?" Allergologia Et Immunopathologia, vol. 36, no. 5, 2008, pp. 247-53.
Vlaski E, Stavric K, Seckova L, et al. Influence of physical activity and television-watching time on asthma and allergic rhinitis among young adolescents: preventive or aggravating? Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2008;36(5):247-53.
Vlaski, E., Stavric, K., Seckova, L., Kimovska, M., & Isjanovska, R. (2008). Influence of physical activity and television-watching time on asthma and allergic rhinitis among young adolescents: preventive or aggravating? Allergologia Et Immunopathologia, 36(5), 247-53.
Vlaski E, et al. Influence of Physical Activity and Television-watching Time On Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis Among Young Adolescents: Preventive or Aggravating. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2008 Sep-Oct;36(5):247-53. PubMed PMID: 19080795.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of physical activity and television-watching time on asthma and allergic rhinitis among young adolescents: preventive or aggravating? AU - Vlaski,E, AU - Stavric,K, AU - Seckova,L, AU - Kimovska,M, AU - Isjanovska,R, PY - 2008/12/17/entrez PY - 2008/12/17/pubmed PY - 2009/4/7/medline SP - 247 EP - 53 JF - Allergologia et immunopathologia JO - Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) VL - 36 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Related to exercise hypothesis, the aim of the present study was to explore the influence of physical activity on asthma and allergic rhinitis in a developing country where publicity campaigns about the benefits of exercise are scarce. METHODS: The analysed data were self-reported and obtained through the standardized International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Phase Three written questionnaires completed by 3026 adolescents 13/14 year old in Skopje (Republic of Macedonia). Vigorous physical activity and television-watching timeboth unadjusted and adjusted for confounding factorswere used as variables for analysis. Odds ratios (OR, 95 % CI) in binary logistic regression were employed for statistic analysis of the data. RESULTS: Vigorous physical activity both > or = 3 times and 1-2 times per week was associated with an increased risk of current wheeze (aOR: 1.66; 1.08-2.55; p = 0.020 and aOR: 1.70; 1.23-2.36; p = 0.001, respectively), speech-limiting wheeze (aOR: 3.15; 1.13-8.77; p = 0.028 and aOR: 4.62; 2.22-9.62; p = 0.000, respectively) and exercise-induced wheeze (aOR: 2.72; 1.93-3.83; p = 0.000 and aOR: 4.01; 3.12-5.14; p = 0.000, respectively). Frequent physical activity was positively associated only with current allergic rhinitis symptoms (aOR: 1.40; 1.04-1.90; p = 0.029). Television watching > or = 3 hours a day increased the risk of current wheeze (aOR: 1.34; 1.01-1.77; p = 0.042) and exercise-induced wheeze (aOR: 1.32; 1.05-1.65; p = 0.016). CONCLUSION: The findings support the aggravating role of sedentary regimen and poor physical fitness on asthma symptoms, but not on allergic rhinitis. Physical activity may trigger asthma symptoms when physical fitness is poor and asthma is not controlled. SN - 0301-0546 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19080795/Influence_of_physical_activity_and_television_watching_time_on_asthma_and_allergic_rhinitis_among_young_adolescents:_preventive_or_aggravating L2 - http://www.elsevier.es/en/linksolver/ft/ivp/0301-0546/36/247 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -