[Combined-modality therapy for 150 cases of early-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma].Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2008; 30(8):630-4ZZ
To compare the efficacy of chemotherapy alone, radiotherapy alone and combined-modality therapy in the treatment for early-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL).
From 1999 to 2002, totally 150 patients with stage I or II HL were treated in our hospital. They were stratified into several groups based on initial treatment strategy: chemotherapy alone (CT group, n = 22), radiotherapy alone (RT group, n = 18), combined-modality therapy (CMT group, n = 109) and surgical resection (SR group, n = 1). Chemotherapy regimens were mainly ABVD (adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine) and MOPP (mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine and prednisone). Radiotherapy modes included involved field radiotherapy (IFRT), extended field radiotherapy (EFRT) and sub-total nodal irradiation (STNI).
The pathological types included nodular sclerosis (NS, n = 84), mixed-cellularity (MC, n = 39), lymphocyte-predominant (LP, n = 23), lymphocyte-depleted (LD, n = 3) and nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin's disease (NLPHD, n = 1). Of those, 72 were evaluble in terms of prognostic factors. No poor prognostic factor was found in 36.1% or 29.2% of the patients according to EORTC or GHSG criteria, respectively. There were 33 patients with complete response (CR), 109 with partial response (PR), 5 with stable disease (SD) and 3 with progressive disease (PD) after initial therapy. The median follow-up period was 71.5 months. The overall 7-yr survival rate was 89.3%, and treatment failure rate at 6 years was 18.8%. The response rate of CMT group was superior to that of CT group, and the patients with nodular sclerosis or mixed-cellularity type had significantly lower risk of treatment failure (P = 0.009 and 0.019, respectively). The multivariate analysis revealed that the treatment strategies affected the prognosis significantly. The risk of failure of chemotherapy alone was 2.52 times higher than that of combined-modality therapy (P = 0.004). No predictive factor affecting OS was identified by either univariate or multivariate analysis. The patients in CMT group suffered more adverse effects than those in either CT or RT groups, which mainly consisted of leucopenia, alopecia and gastrointestinal symptoms.
Combined-modality therapy is more effective than chemotherapy alone or radiotherapy alone in the treatment for early stage Hodgkin's lymphoma. Though its acute adverse effects are more severe than that of chemotherapy or radiotherapy alone, it may reduce the risk of treatment failure.