Molecular characterization of rotaviruses, noroviruses, sapovirus, and adenoviruses in patients with acute gastroenteritis in Thailand.J Med Virol 2009; 81(2):345-53JM
Outbreaks of viral gastroenteritis occur worldwide including Thailand. Unfortunately, there is limited information since etiologic agents have not been identified in several outbreaks of nonbacterial gastroenteritis. The genotype of enteric viruses causing acute gastroenteritis in Thailand was determined using reverse transcription-multiplex polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing. From January 2006 to February 2007, stool samples were collected from patients with acute gastroenteritis of all age groups attending a hospital in Thailand, and patients with nonbacterial acute gastroenteritis (262 patients) were tested for enteric viruses. The overall positive detection rate of enteric viruses was 14.9%; group A rotaviruses (6.1%), noroviruses (6.5%): GI (0.8%) and GII (5.7%), adenoviruses (1.5%), and sapoviruses (0.8%) were found. Group B and C rotaviruses, and astroviruses were not detected in the enrolled patients. Viral acute gastroenteritis occurred in children less than 15 years of age (25.2%, 33/131) with higher frequency than in adults (4.6%, 6/131), P-value <0.001. Rotavirus G1 was the most predominant genotype, followed by G3, and G9. Among noroviruses, GI-2 was identified; whereas, GII was predominant with a high frequency of GII-4 observed, followed by GII-16, GII-2, GII-3, and GII-12. Sapovirus GII-3 and human adenoviruses were identified. This study suggests that enteric viruses play an essential role in patients with acute gastroenteritis attending hospital and mainly in children who have a higher prevalence of group A rotaviruses and noroviruses. The genetic analyses provide molecular epidemiological data for viruses important to public health.