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Intake and milk production of cows fed diets that differed in dietary neutral detergent fiber and neutral detergent fiber digestibility.
J Dairy Sci. 2009 Jan; 92(1):313-23.JD

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to determine how feeding diets that differed in dietary neutral detergent fiber (NDF) concentration and in vitro NDF digestibility affects dry matter (DM) intake, ruminal fermentation, and milk production in early lactation dairy cows. Twelve rumen-cannulated, multiparous Holstein cows averaging 38 +/- 15 d (+/-standard deviation) in milk, and producing 40 +/- 9 kg of milk daily, were used in a replicated 4 x 4 Latin square design with 28-d periods. Treatment diets were arranged in a 2 x 2 factorial with 28 or 32% dietary NDF (DM basis) and 2 levels of straw NDF digestibility: 1) LD, untreated wheat straw (77% NDF, 41% NDF digestibility) or 2) HD, anhydrous NH(3)-treated wheat straw (76% NDF, 62% NDF digestibility). All 4 diets consisted of wheat straw, alfalfa silage, corn silage, and a concentrate mix of cracked corn grain, corn gluten meal, 48% soybean meal, and vitamins and minerals. Wheat straw comprised 8.5% DM of the 28% NDF diets and 16% DM of the 32% NDF diets. Cows fed 28% NDF and HD diets produced more milk, fat, and protein than those consuming 32% NDF or LD diets. Dry matter intake was greater for cows consuming 28% NDF diets, but intakes of DM and total NDF were not affected by in vitro NDF digestibility. Intake of digestible NDF was greater for cows consuming HD diets. Ruminal fermentation was not affected by feeding diets that differed in NDF digestibility. Ruminal NDF passage rate was slower for cows fed HD than LD. No interactions of dietary NDF concentration and in vitro NDF digestibility were observed for any parameter measured. Regardless of dietary NDF concentration, increased in vitro NDF digestibility improved intake and production in early lactation dairy cows.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison 53706, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19109289

Citation

Kendall, C, et al. "Intake and Milk Production of Cows Fed Diets That Differed in Dietary Neutral Detergent Fiber and Neutral Detergent Fiber Digestibility." Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 92, no. 1, 2009, pp. 313-23.
Kendall C, Leonardi C, Hoffman PC, et al. Intake and milk production of cows fed diets that differed in dietary neutral detergent fiber and neutral detergent fiber digestibility. J Dairy Sci. 2009;92(1):313-23.
Kendall, C., Leonardi, C., Hoffman, P. C., & Combs, D. K. (2009). Intake and milk production of cows fed diets that differed in dietary neutral detergent fiber and neutral detergent fiber digestibility. Journal of Dairy Science, 92(1), 313-23. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2008-1482
Kendall C, et al. Intake and Milk Production of Cows Fed Diets That Differed in Dietary Neutral Detergent Fiber and Neutral Detergent Fiber Digestibility. J Dairy Sci. 2009;92(1):313-23. PubMed PMID: 19109289.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intake and milk production of cows fed diets that differed in dietary neutral detergent fiber and neutral detergent fiber digestibility. AU - Kendall,C, AU - Leonardi,C, AU - Hoffman,P C, AU - Combs,D K, PY - 2008/12/26/entrez PY - 2008/12/26/pubmed PY - 2009/2/12/medline SP - 313 EP - 23 JF - Journal of dairy science JO - J Dairy Sci VL - 92 IS - 1 N2 - The objectives of this study were to determine how feeding diets that differed in dietary neutral detergent fiber (NDF) concentration and in vitro NDF digestibility affects dry matter (DM) intake, ruminal fermentation, and milk production in early lactation dairy cows. Twelve rumen-cannulated, multiparous Holstein cows averaging 38 +/- 15 d (+/-standard deviation) in milk, and producing 40 +/- 9 kg of milk daily, were used in a replicated 4 x 4 Latin square design with 28-d periods. Treatment diets were arranged in a 2 x 2 factorial with 28 or 32% dietary NDF (DM basis) and 2 levels of straw NDF digestibility: 1) LD, untreated wheat straw (77% NDF, 41% NDF digestibility) or 2) HD, anhydrous NH(3)-treated wheat straw (76% NDF, 62% NDF digestibility). All 4 diets consisted of wheat straw, alfalfa silage, corn silage, and a concentrate mix of cracked corn grain, corn gluten meal, 48% soybean meal, and vitamins and minerals. Wheat straw comprised 8.5% DM of the 28% NDF diets and 16% DM of the 32% NDF diets. Cows fed 28% NDF and HD diets produced more milk, fat, and protein than those consuming 32% NDF or LD diets. Dry matter intake was greater for cows consuming 28% NDF diets, but intakes of DM and total NDF were not affected by in vitro NDF digestibility. Intake of digestible NDF was greater for cows consuming HD diets. Ruminal fermentation was not affected by feeding diets that differed in NDF digestibility. Ruminal NDF passage rate was slower for cows fed HD than LD. No interactions of dietary NDF concentration and in vitro NDF digestibility were observed for any parameter measured. Regardless of dietary NDF concentration, increased in vitro NDF digestibility improved intake and production in early lactation dairy cows. SN - 1525-3198 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19109289/Intake_and_milk_production_of_cows_fed_diets_that_differed_in_dietary_neutral_detergent_fiber_and_neutral_detergent_fiber_digestibility_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -