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Relationship between dietary fat and fish intake and the prevalence of atopic eczema in pregnant Japanese females: baseline data from the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2008; 17(4):612-9AP

Abstract

Dietary factors may be important in the development of atopic eczema. It remains controversial whether n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake is preventive against allergic disorders and whether n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake increases the risk of allergic disorders. The current cross-sectional study examined the association between intake of fatty acids and foods high in fatty acids and the prevalence of atopic eczema. Study subjects were 1002 pregnant Japanese females. Current atopic eczema and atopic eczema after age 18 were defined as present if subjects had been treated with medications at some time in the previous 12 months and after reaching the age of 18, respectively. Information on dietary factors was collected using a validated self-administered diet history questionnaire. Docosahexaenoic acid intake was statistically significantly related to a decreased prevalence of atopic eczema after age 18 and current atopic eczema. Inverse dose-response relationships with regard to consumption of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid, and fish and the ratio of n-3 to n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids with atopic eczema were not observed although these dietary variables in the second tertile were inversely significantly associated with atopic eczema after age 18. Intake of total fat, saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, cholesterol, meat, eggs, or dairy products was not related to either of the outcomes for atopic eczema. Docosahexaenoic acid intake may be associated with a reduced prevalence of atopic eczema in pregnant Japanese females.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan. miyake-y@fukuoka-u.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19114399

Citation

Miyake, Yoshihiro, et al. "Relationship Between Dietary Fat and Fish Intake and the Prevalence of Atopic Eczema in Pregnant Japanese Females: Baseline Data From the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 17, no. 4, 2008, pp. 612-9.
Miyake Y, Sasaki S, Tanaka K, et al. Relationship between dietary fat and fish intake and the prevalence of atopic eczema in pregnant Japanese females: baseline data from the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008;17(4):612-9.
Miyake, Y., Sasaki, S., Tanaka, K., Ohya, Y., Matsunaga, I., Yoshida, T., ... Oda, H. (2008). Relationship between dietary fat and fish intake and the prevalence of atopic eczema in pregnant Japanese females: baseline data from the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 17(4), pp. 612-9.
Miyake Y, et al. Relationship Between Dietary Fat and Fish Intake and the Prevalence of Atopic Eczema in Pregnant Japanese Females: Baseline Data From the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008;17(4):612-9. PubMed PMID: 19114399.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relationship between dietary fat and fish intake and the prevalence of atopic eczema in pregnant Japanese females: baseline data from the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. AU - Miyake,Yoshihiro, AU - Sasaki,Satoshi, AU - Tanaka,Keiko, AU - Ohya,Yukihiro, AU - Matsunaga,Ichiro, AU - Yoshida,Toshiaki, AU - Hirota,Yoshio, AU - Oda,Hajime, PY - 2008/12/31/entrez PY - 2008/12/31/pubmed PY - 2009/4/8/medline SP - 612 EP - 9 JF - Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition JO - Asia Pac J Clin Nutr VL - 17 IS - 4 N2 - Dietary factors may be important in the development of atopic eczema. It remains controversial whether n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake is preventive against allergic disorders and whether n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake increases the risk of allergic disorders. The current cross-sectional study examined the association between intake of fatty acids and foods high in fatty acids and the prevalence of atopic eczema. Study subjects were 1002 pregnant Japanese females. Current atopic eczema and atopic eczema after age 18 were defined as present if subjects had been treated with medications at some time in the previous 12 months and after reaching the age of 18, respectively. Information on dietary factors was collected using a validated self-administered diet history questionnaire. Docosahexaenoic acid intake was statistically significantly related to a decreased prevalence of atopic eczema after age 18 and current atopic eczema. Inverse dose-response relationships with regard to consumption of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid, and fish and the ratio of n-3 to n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids with atopic eczema were not observed although these dietary variables in the second tertile were inversely significantly associated with atopic eczema after age 18. Intake of total fat, saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, cholesterol, meat, eggs, or dairy products was not related to either of the outcomes for atopic eczema. Docosahexaenoic acid intake may be associated with a reduced prevalence of atopic eczema in pregnant Japanese females. SN - 0964-7058 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19114399/Relationship_between_dietary_fat_and_fish_intake_and_the_prevalence_of_atopic_eczema_in_pregnant_Japanese_females:_baseline_data_from_the_Osaka_Maternal_and_Child_Health_Study_ L2 - http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/17/4/612.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -