Electrochemical incineration of cresols: a comparative study between PbO2 and boron-doped diamond anodes.Chemosphere. 2009 Mar; 74(10):1340-7.C
The electrooxidation of aqueous solutions containing 5mM of o-, m- and p-cresol at pH 4.0 has been investigated using a flow filter-press reactor with a boron-doped diamond (BDD) under galvanostatic electrolysis. All cresols are degraded at similar rate up to attaining overall mineralization. Comparable treatment of the m-cresol effluent on PbO(2) leads to partial electrochemical incineration. However, this pollutant is more rapidly removed with PbO(2) than with BDD. The decay kinetics of all cresols follows a pseudo-first-order reaction. Aromatic intermediates such as 2-methylhydroquinone and 2-methyl-p-benzoquinone and carboxylic acids such as maleic, fumaric, pyruvic, malonic, tartronic, glycolic, glyoxylic, acetic, oxalic and formic, have been identified and followed during the m-cresol treatment by chromatographic techniques. From these oxidation by-products, a plausible reaction sequence for m-cresol mineralization on both anodes is proposed. The energy consumption for the corresponding electrochemical process is also calculated.