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Anxiety disorders and suicidality in the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication.
J Psychiatr Res. 2009 Jun; 43(9):825-9.JP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The current study sought to examine the unique associations between anxiety disorders and suicidality using a large nationally representative sample and controlling for a number of established risk factors for suicide.

METHOD

Data from the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication were used for analyses. Lifetime diagnostic history and demographics were obtained in this survey through a structured interview. Lifetime suicidal ideation and attempts were also assessed.

RESULTS

Multivariate analyses covarying for psychiatric comorbidity and demographic variables found social anxiety disorder (SAD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and panic disorder (PD) to be unique predictors of suicidal ideation, while only SAD, PTSD, and GAD were predictive of suicide attempts. Analyses by gender indicated that each of these four disorders were predictive of suicidal ideation or suicide attempts among women, while only PTSD and PD acted as risk factors among men.

CONCLUSIONS

Findings provide further evidence of the negative impact of anxiety disorders, suggest efforts should be made towards their early detection and treatment, and emphasize the importance of suicide risk assessment in treating individuals with anxiety disorders.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Florida State University, P.O. Box 3064301 Tallahassee, FL 32306, United States. cougle@psy.fsu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19147159

Citation

Cougle, Jesse R., et al. "Anxiety Disorders and Suicidality in the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication." Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 43, no. 9, 2009, pp. 825-9.
Cougle JR, Keough ME, Riccardi CJ, et al. Anxiety disorders and suicidality in the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication. J Psychiatr Res. 2009;43(9):825-9.
Cougle, J. R., Keough, M. E., Riccardi, C. J., & Sachs-Ericsson, N. (2009). Anxiety disorders and suicidality in the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 43(9), 825-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2008.12.004
Cougle JR, et al. Anxiety Disorders and Suicidality in the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication. J Psychiatr Res. 2009;43(9):825-9. PubMed PMID: 19147159.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anxiety disorders and suicidality in the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication. AU - Cougle,Jesse R, AU - Keough,Meghan E, AU - Riccardi,Christina J, AU - Sachs-Ericsson,Natalie, Y1 - 2009/01/14/ PY - 2008/10/22/received PY - 2008/12/04/revised PY - 2008/12/12/accepted PY - 2009/1/17/entrez PY - 2009/1/17/pubmed PY - 2009/7/16/medline SP - 825 EP - 9 JF - Journal of psychiatric research JO - J Psychiatr Res VL - 43 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine the unique associations between anxiety disorders and suicidality using a large nationally representative sample and controlling for a number of established risk factors for suicide. METHOD: Data from the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication were used for analyses. Lifetime diagnostic history and demographics were obtained in this survey through a structured interview. Lifetime suicidal ideation and attempts were also assessed. RESULTS: Multivariate analyses covarying for psychiatric comorbidity and demographic variables found social anxiety disorder (SAD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and panic disorder (PD) to be unique predictors of suicidal ideation, while only SAD, PTSD, and GAD were predictive of suicide attempts. Analyses by gender indicated that each of these four disorders were predictive of suicidal ideation or suicide attempts among women, while only PTSD and PD acted as risk factors among men. CONCLUSIONS: Findings provide further evidence of the negative impact of anxiety disorders, suggest efforts should be made towards their early detection and treatment, and emphasize the importance of suicide risk assessment in treating individuals with anxiety disorders. SN - 1879-1379 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19147159/Anxiety_disorders_and_suicidality_in_the_National_Comorbidity_Survey_Replication_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-3956(08)00269-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -