Photodiode array on-chip biosensor for the detection of E. coli O157:H7 pathogenic bacteria.Methods Mol Biol. 2009; 503:325-35.MM
An integrated circuit (IC) of photodiode array (PDA) microchip system was used for the on-chip detection of E. coli O157:H7 based on an enzymatic bioassay and light absorption property of the reaction product. The PDA microchip consisting of an array of 12 x 12 photodiode detection elements served as a photosensor as well as a protein-immobilizing sample platform. As a result, E. coli O157:H7 could be detected directly on the surface of PDA detection elements. E. coli O157:H7 was detected by forming a "sandwich-type" enzymatic immunocomplex on the PDA detection elements using an on-chip bioassay. The quantitative analysis of E. coli O157:H7 immunocomplex was carried out based on the light absorption property of the enzymatic reaction products of E. coli O157:H7 immunocomplexes with respect to a red beam produced by light emitting diodes (LEDs) installed right above the PDA microchip. During the on-chip bioassay, the wet photodiode detection elements exposed to a lot of biological materials or buffer solutions were capable of maintaining their photosensing capabilities. The portable PDA on-chip biosensor permits direct optical detection of E. coli O157:H7 and eliminates the necessity of the conventional expensive microplate reader that is incompatible with the size of the protein microarray.