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Tanning as an addictive behavior: a literature review.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Recent studies have identified reinforcing properties associated with tanning and suggest a possible physiologic mechanism and addiction driving tanning behavior.

OBJECTIVE

This article attempts to synthesize the existing literature on tanning and addiction to investigate possible associations.

METHODS

We investigated a variety of substance dependence models to define what constitutes dependence/addiction and to determine how current studies on tanning meet these criteria.

RESULTS

In some individuals, tanning has met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criteria for a substance-related disorder or tanning-modified Cut Down, Annoyed, Guilt, Eye-opener criteria. Trial studies have demonstrated the induction of withdrawal symptoms in frequent tanners.

LIMITATIONS

Additional studies are needed to investigate the associated dependency and addiction more fully and to elucidate its similarities to other better-known addictive syndromes.

DISCUSSION

Tanning is a problem behavior, both as a health risk and as a possible dependency. Future studies, especially in the area of cognitive mapping and cue-related stimuli are needed. Imaging studies may be important in elucidating whether the same areas of the brain are involved in tanning addiction as in other addictive syndromes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology, Center for Dermatology Research, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1071, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19152511

Citation

Nolan, Bridgit V., et al. "Tanning as an Addictive Behavior: a Literature Review." Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine, vol. 25, no. 1, 2009, pp. 12-9.
Nolan BV, Taylor SL, Liguori A, et al. Tanning as an addictive behavior: a literature review. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 2009;25(1):12-9.
Nolan, B. V., Taylor, S. L., Liguori, A., & Feldman, S. R. (2009). Tanning as an addictive behavior: a literature review. Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine, 25(1), pp. 12-9. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0781.2009.00392.x.
Nolan BV, et al. Tanning as an Addictive Behavior: a Literature Review. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. 2009;25(1):12-9. PubMed PMID: 19152511.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tanning as an addictive behavior: a literature review. AU - Nolan,Bridgit V, AU - Taylor,Sarah L, AU - Liguori,Anthony, AU - Feldman,Steven R, PY - 2009/1/21/entrez PY - 2009/1/21/pubmed PY - 2009/3/28/medline SP - 12 EP - 9 JF - Photodermatology, photoimmunology & photomedicine JO - Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed VL - 25 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Recent studies have identified reinforcing properties associated with tanning and suggest a possible physiologic mechanism and addiction driving tanning behavior. OBJECTIVE: This article attempts to synthesize the existing literature on tanning and addiction to investigate possible associations. METHODS: We investigated a variety of substance dependence models to define what constitutes dependence/addiction and to determine how current studies on tanning meet these criteria. RESULTS: In some individuals, tanning has met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criteria for a substance-related disorder or tanning-modified Cut Down, Annoyed, Guilt, Eye-opener criteria. Trial studies have demonstrated the induction of withdrawal symptoms in frequent tanners. LIMITATIONS: Additional studies are needed to investigate the associated dependency and addiction more fully and to elucidate its similarities to other better-known addictive syndromes. DISCUSSION: Tanning is a problem behavior, both as a health risk and as a possible dependency. Future studies, especially in the area of cognitive mapping and cue-related stimuli are needed. Imaging studies may be important in elucidating whether the same areas of the brain are involved in tanning addiction as in other addictive syndromes. SN - 1600-0781 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19152511/Tanning_as_an_addictive_behavior:_a_literature_review_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0781.2009.00392.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -