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Comparative effects of 10-mg versus 80-mg Atorvastatin on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in patients with stable coronary artery disease: results of the CAP (Comparative Atorvastatin Pleiotropic effects) study.
Clin Ther. 2008 Dec; 30(12):2298-313.CT

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The major beneficial effect of statins- reducing the risk for coronary events-has primarily been ascribed to reductions in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) but may in part be related to a direct antiinflammatory action (ie, decreased high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP] concentration).

OBJECTIVES

The objectives of this CAP (Comparative Atorvastatin Pleiotropic Effects) study were to compare the effects of low- versus high-dose atorvastatin on hs-CRP concentrations and to determine the relationship between changes in LDL-C and hs-CRP concentrations in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), low-grade inflammation, and normal lipoprotein concentrations.

METHODS

This multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy study was conducted at 65 centers across Canada and Europe. Patients with documented CAD, low-grade inflammation (hs-CRP concentration, 1.5-15.0 mg/L), and a normal-range lipid profile (LDL-C concentration, 1.29-3.87 mmol/L [50-150 mg/dL]; triglyceride [TG] concentration, <4.56 mmol/L [<400 mg/dL]) were randomly assigned to receive 26-week double-blind treatment with atorvastatin 10 or 80 mg QD. Investigators were to aim for the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) LDL-C target of <2.59 mmol/L (<100 mg/dL). The primary end point was the percentage change from baseline in hs-CRP, as measured at baseline and weeks 5, 13, and 26 using high-sensitivity, latex microparticle-enhanced immunoturbidimetric assay. Changes from baseline in LDL-C, as measured directly in serum at the same time points, were also calculated. The secondary efficacy variables included the percentage changes from baseline in lipid parameters (LDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], total cholesterol [TC], TG, apolipoprotein B, non-HDL-C, and TC:HDL-C ratio) at 5, 13, and 26 weeks of treatment. Tolerability was assessed using physical examination, including vital sign measurement, and laboratory analyses.

RESULTS

A total of 339 patients were enrolled (283 men, 56 women; mean age, 62.5 years; weight, 81.3 kg; 10-mg/d group, 170 patients; 80-mg/d group, 169). No significant differences in baseline demographic or clinical data were found between the 2 treatment arms. In the 10-mg group, hs-CRP was decreased by 25.0% at 5 weeks and remained stable thereafter (%Delta at week 26, -24.3%; P < 0.01). In the 80-mg group, hs-CRP was decreased by 36.4% at 5 weeks and continued to be decreased over the study period (%Delta, -57.1% at week 26; P < 0.001 vs baseline). At 5 weeks, LDL-C was decreased by 35.9% in the 10-mg group and by 52.7% in the 80-mg group (P < 0.001 between groups) and remained stable thereafter (%Delta at week 26, -34.8% and -51.3%, respectively; P < 0.001 between groups). The NCEP ATP III LDL-C target of <2.59 mmol/L (<100 mg/dL) was reached in 77.1% of patients treated with atorvastatin 10 mg and 92.3% of those treated with 80 mg (P < 0.001). Dual targets of hs-CRP <2 mg/L and LDL-C <1.81 mmol/L (<70 mg/dL) were reached in a significantly greater proportion of patients in the 80-mg group compared with the 10-mg group (55.6% vs 13.5%; P < 0.001). The decrease in hs-CRP was largely independent of baseline LDL-C and change in LDL-C. Two serious adverse events were reported by the investigator as treatment related: acute hepatitis in the 10-mg group and intrahepatic cholestasis in the 80-mg group, in 2 patients with multiple comorbidities. Two deaths occurred during the study, both in the atorvastatin 80-mg group (1, myocardial infarction; 1, sudden death), neither of which was deemed treatment related by the investigator.

CONCLUSIONS

In these patients with documented CAD, evidence of low-grade inflammation, and normal range lipid profiles, the effects of atorvastatin on changes in hs-CRP were dose dependent, with the high dose (80 mg) being associated with significantly greater reductions in hs-CRP concentrations. Both doses were associated with a significant and progressive decline in hs-CRP largely independent of changes in LDL-C, HDL-C, and TG. Clinical Trials Identification Number: NCT00163202.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Hôpital du Haut-Lévèque, Pessac, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19167589

Citation

Bonnet, Jacques, et al. "Comparative Effects of 10-mg Versus 80-mg Atorvastatin On High-sensitivity C-reactive Protein in Patients With Stable Coronary Artery Disease: Results of the CAP (Comparative Atorvastatin Pleiotropic Effects) Study." Clinical Therapeutics, vol. 30, no. 12, 2008, pp. 2298-313.
Bonnet J, McPherson R, Tedgui A, et al. Comparative effects of 10-mg versus 80-mg Atorvastatin on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in patients with stable coronary artery disease: results of the CAP (Comparative Atorvastatin Pleiotropic effects) study. Clin Ther. 2008;30(12):2298-313.
Bonnet, J., McPherson, R., Tedgui, A., Simoneau, D., Nozza, A., Martineau, P., & Davignon, J. (2008). Comparative effects of 10-mg versus 80-mg Atorvastatin on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in patients with stable coronary artery disease: results of the CAP (Comparative Atorvastatin Pleiotropic effects) study. Clinical Therapeutics, 30(12), 2298-313. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinthera.2008.12.023
Bonnet J, et al. Comparative Effects of 10-mg Versus 80-mg Atorvastatin On High-sensitivity C-reactive Protein in Patients With Stable Coronary Artery Disease: Results of the CAP (Comparative Atorvastatin Pleiotropic Effects) Study. Clin Ther. 2008;30(12):2298-313. PubMed PMID: 19167589.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparative effects of 10-mg versus 80-mg Atorvastatin on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in patients with stable coronary artery disease: results of the CAP (Comparative Atorvastatin Pleiotropic effects) study. AU - Bonnet,Jacques, AU - McPherson,R, AU - Tedgui,A, AU - Simoneau,D, AU - Nozza,A, AU - Martineau,P, AU - Davignon,Jean, AU - ,, PY - 2008/10/17/accepted PY - 2009/1/27/entrez PY - 2009/1/27/pubmed PY - 2009/3/20/medline SP - 2298 EP - 313 JF - Clinical therapeutics JO - Clin Ther VL - 30 IS - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND: The major beneficial effect of statins- reducing the risk for coronary events-has primarily been ascribed to reductions in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) but may in part be related to a direct antiinflammatory action (ie, decreased high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP] concentration). OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this CAP (Comparative Atorvastatin Pleiotropic Effects) study were to compare the effects of low- versus high-dose atorvastatin on hs-CRP concentrations and to determine the relationship between changes in LDL-C and hs-CRP concentrations in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), low-grade inflammation, and normal lipoprotein concentrations. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy study was conducted at 65 centers across Canada and Europe. Patients with documented CAD, low-grade inflammation (hs-CRP concentration, 1.5-15.0 mg/L), and a normal-range lipid profile (LDL-C concentration, 1.29-3.87 mmol/L [50-150 mg/dL]; triglyceride [TG] concentration, <4.56 mmol/L [<400 mg/dL]) were randomly assigned to receive 26-week double-blind treatment with atorvastatin 10 or 80 mg QD. Investigators were to aim for the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) LDL-C target of <2.59 mmol/L (<100 mg/dL). The primary end point was the percentage change from baseline in hs-CRP, as measured at baseline and weeks 5, 13, and 26 using high-sensitivity, latex microparticle-enhanced immunoturbidimetric assay. Changes from baseline in LDL-C, as measured directly in serum at the same time points, were also calculated. The secondary efficacy variables included the percentage changes from baseline in lipid parameters (LDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], total cholesterol [TC], TG, apolipoprotein B, non-HDL-C, and TC:HDL-C ratio) at 5, 13, and 26 weeks of treatment. Tolerability was assessed using physical examination, including vital sign measurement, and laboratory analyses. RESULTS: A total of 339 patients were enrolled (283 men, 56 women; mean age, 62.5 years; weight, 81.3 kg; 10-mg/d group, 170 patients; 80-mg/d group, 169). No significant differences in baseline demographic or clinical data were found between the 2 treatment arms. In the 10-mg group, hs-CRP was decreased by 25.0% at 5 weeks and remained stable thereafter (%Delta at week 26, -24.3%; P < 0.01). In the 80-mg group, hs-CRP was decreased by 36.4% at 5 weeks and continued to be decreased over the study period (%Delta, -57.1% at week 26; P < 0.001 vs baseline). At 5 weeks, LDL-C was decreased by 35.9% in the 10-mg group and by 52.7% in the 80-mg group (P < 0.001 between groups) and remained stable thereafter (%Delta at week 26, -34.8% and -51.3%, respectively; P < 0.001 between groups). The NCEP ATP III LDL-C target of <2.59 mmol/L (<100 mg/dL) was reached in 77.1% of patients treated with atorvastatin 10 mg and 92.3% of those treated with 80 mg (P < 0.001). Dual targets of hs-CRP <2 mg/L and LDL-C <1.81 mmol/L (<70 mg/dL) were reached in a significantly greater proportion of patients in the 80-mg group compared with the 10-mg group (55.6% vs 13.5%; P < 0.001). The decrease in hs-CRP was largely independent of baseline LDL-C and change in LDL-C. Two serious adverse events were reported by the investigator as treatment related: acute hepatitis in the 10-mg group and intrahepatic cholestasis in the 80-mg group, in 2 patients with multiple comorbidities. Two deaths occurred during the study, both in the atorvastatin 80-mg group (1, myocardial infarction; 1, sudden death), neither of which was deemed treatment related by the investigator. CONCLUSIONS: In these patients with documented CAD, evidence of low-grade inflammation, and normal range lipid profiles, the effects of atorvastatin on changes in hs-CRP were dose dependent, with the high dose (80 mg) being associated with significantly greater reductions in hs-CRP concentrations. Both doses were associated with a significant and progressive decline in hs-CRP largely independent of changes in LDL-C, HDL-C, and TG. Clinical Trials Identification Number: NCT00163202. SN - 0149-2918 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19167589/Comparative_effects_of_10_mg_versus_80_mg_Atorvastatin_on_high_sensitivity_C_reactive_protein_in_patients_with_stable_coronary_artery_disease:_results_of_the_CAP__Comparative_Atorvastatin_Pleiotropic_effects__study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0149-2918(08)00458-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -