Haloperidol versus haloperidol plus ondansetron for the prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting after ophthalmologic surgery.Pharmacology. 2009; 83(4):205-10.P
In this prospective, randomized, and double-blinded study we investigated the efficacy of haloperidol (10 microg/kg) and the combination of haloperidol (10 microg/kg) with ondansetron (0.1 mg/kg) for the prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after ophthalmologic surgery.
60 patients (ASA status 1-3) with risk factors for PONV (female, non-smoker, motion sickness or PONV in history, opioids for postoperative analgesia) undergoing retinal or strabismus surgery were included into the study and randomised to the haloperidol group (H-Group) or the haloperidol-ondansetron group (H/O-Group). 20 min before the end of anaesthesia the study medication was given. Nausea, vomiting, pain scores, and adverse events were assessed postoperatively over 24 h.
The incidence of PONV was lower for the H/O-Group (23 vs. 57% for the H-Group). Especially the incidence of vomiting was reduced for the H/O-Group (7 vs. 27% in the H-Group). No significant differences could be detected regarding adverse events.
The single use of haloperidol for the prophylaxis of PONV is doubtful. Better results were obtained with the combination therapy of haloperidol with ondansetron, especially for vomiting.