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Can coverage of schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminthiasis control programmes targeting school-aged children be improved? New approaches.
Parasitology. 2009 Nov; 136(13):1781-8.P

Abstract

Control programmes generally use a school-based strategy of mass drug administration to reduce morbidity of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) in school-aged populations. The success of school-based programmes depends on treatment coverage. The community-directed treatment (ComDT) approach has been implemented in the control of onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis in Africa and improves treatment coverage. This study compared the treatment coverage between the ComDT approach and the school-based treatment approach, where non-enrolled school-aged children were invited for treatment, in the control of schistosomiasis and STH among enrolled and non-enrolled school-aged children. Coverage during the first treatment round among enrolled children was similar for the two approaches (ComDT: 80.3% versus school: 82.1%, P=0.072). However, for the non-enrolled children the ComDT approach achieved a significantly higher coverage than the school-based approach (80.0 versus 59.2%, P<0.001). Similar treatment coverage levels were attained at the second treatment round. Again, equal levels of treatment coverage were found between the two approaches for the enrolled school-aged children, while the ComDT approach achieved a significantly higher coverage in the non-enrolled children. The results of this study showed that the ComDT approach can obtain significantly higher treatment coverage among the non-enrolled school-aged children compared to the school-based treatment approach for the control of schistosomiasis and STH.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Environmental Health, Tanga, Tanzania. kmkmassa@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19178756

Citation

Massa, K, et al. "Can Coverage of Schistosomiasis and Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis Control Programmes Targeting School-aged Children Be Improved? New Approaches." Parasitology, vol. 136, no. 13, 2009, pp. 1781-8.
Massa K, Olsen A, Sheshe A, et al. Can coverage of schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminthiasis control programmes targeting school-aged children be improved? New approaches. Parasitology. 2009;136(13):1781-8.
Massa, K., Olsen, A., Sheshe, A., Ntakamulenga, R., Ndawi, B., & Magnussen, P. (2009). Can coverage of schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminthiasis control programmes targeting school-aged children be improved? New approaches. Parasitology, 136(13), 1781-8. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0031182008000474
Massa K, et al. Can Coverage of Schistosomiasis and Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis Control Programmes Targeting School-aged Children Be Improved? New Approaches. Parasitology. 2009;136(13):1781-8. PubMed PMID: 19178756.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Can coverage of schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminthiasis control programmes targeting school-aged children be improved? New approaches. AU - Massa,K, AU - Olsen,A, AU - Sheshe,A, AU - Ntakamulenga,R, AU - Ndawi,B, AU - Magnussen,P, Y1 - 2009/01/30/ PY - 2009/1/31/entrez PY - 2009/1/31/pubmed PY - 2010/2/6/medline SP - 1781 EP - 8 JF - Parasitology JO - Parasitology VL - 136 IS - 13 N2 - Control programmes generally use a school-based strategy of mass drug administration to reduce morbidity of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) in school-aged populations. The success of school-based programmes depends on treatment coverage. The community-directed treatment (ComDT) approach has been implemented in the control of onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis in Africa and improves treatment coverage. This study compared the treatment coverage between the ComDT approach and the school-based treatment approach, where non-enrolled school-aged children were invited for treatment, in the control of schistosomiasis and STH among enrolled and non-enrolled school-aged children. Coverage during the first treatment round among enrolled children was similar for the two approaches (ComDT: 80.3% versus school: 82.1%, P=0.072). However, for the non-enrolled children the ComDT approach achieved a significantly higher coverage than the school-based approach (80.0 versus 59.2%, P<0.001). Similar treatment coverage levels were attained at the second treatment round. Again, equal levels of treatment coverage were found between the two approaches for the enrolled school-aged children, while the ComDT approach achieved a significantly higher coverage in the non-enrolled children. The results of this study showed that the ComDT approach can obtain significantly higher treatment coverage among the non-enrolled school-aged children compared to the school-based treatment approach for the control of schistosomiasis and STH. SN - 1469-8161 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19178756/Can_coverage_of_schistosomiasis_and_soil_transmitted_helminthiasis_control_programmes_targeting_school_aged_children_be_improved_New_approaches_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0031182008000474/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -