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Disordered eating and weight changes after deployment: longitudinal assessment of a large US military cohort.
Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Feb 15; 169(4):415-27.AJ

Abstract

The effect of military deployments to combat environments on disordered eating and weight changes is unknown. Using longitudinal data from Millennium Cohort Study participants who completed baseline (2001-2003) and follow-up (2004-2006) questionnaires (n=48,378), the authors investigated new-onset disordered eating and weight changes in a large military cohort. Multivariable logistic regression was used to compare these outcomes among those who deployed and reported combat exposures, those who deployed but did not report combat exposures, and those who did not deploy in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Deployment was not significantly associated with new-onset disordered eating in women or men, after adjustment for baseline demographic, military, and behavioral characteristics. However, in subgroup comparison analyses of deployers, deployed women reporting combat exposures were 1.78 times more likely to report new-onset disordered eating (95% confidence interval: 1.02, 3.11) and 2.35 times more likely to lose 10% or more of their body weight compared with women who deployed but did not report combat exposures (95% confidence interval: 1.17, 4.70). Despite no significant overall association between deployment and disordered eating and weight changes, deployed women reporting combat exposures represent a subgroup at higher risk for developing eating problems and weight loss.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA. isabel.jacobson@med.navy.milNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19193718

Citation

Jacobson, Isabel G., et al. "Disordered Eating and Weight Changes After Deployment: Longitudinal Assessment of a Large US Military Cohort." American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 169, no. 4, 2009, pp. 415-27.
Jacobson IG, Smith TC, Smith B, et al. Disordered eating and weight changes after deployment: longitudinal assessment of a large US military cohort. Am J Epidemiol. 2009;169(4):415-27.
Jacobson, I. G., Smith, T. C., Smith, B., Keel, P. K., Amoroso, P. J., Wells, T. S., Bathalon, G. P., Boyko, E. J., & Ryan, M. A. (2009). Disordered eating and weight changes after deployment: longitudinal assessment of a large US military cohort. American Journal of Epidemiology, 169(4), 415-27. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwn366
Jacobson IG, et al. Disordered Eating and Weight Changes After Deployment: Longitudinal Assessment of a Large US Military Cohort. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Feb 15;169(4):415-27. PubMed PMID: 19193718.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Disordered eating and weight changes after deployment: longitudinal assessment of a large US military cohort. AU - Jacobson,Isabel G, AU - Smith,Tyler C, AU - Smith,Besa, AU - Keel,Pamela K, AU - Amoroso,Paul J, AU - Wells,Timothy S, AU - Bathalon,Gaston P, AU - Boyko,Edward J, AU - Ryan,Margaret A K, AU - ,, Y1 - 2009/02/04/ PY - 2009/2/6/entrez PY - 2009/2/6/pubmed PY - 2009/2/27/medline SP - 415 EP - 27 JF - American journal of epidemiology JO - Am J Epidemiol VL - 169 IS - 4 N2 - The effect of military deployments to combat environments on disordered eating and weight changes is unknown. Using longitudinal data from Millennium Cohort Study participants who completed baseline (2001-2003) and follow-up (2004-2006) questionnaires (n=48,378), the authors investigated new-onset disordered eating and weight changes in a large military cohort. Multivariable logistic regression was used to compare these outcomes among those who deployed and reported combat exposures, those who deployed but did not report combat exposures, and those who did not deploy in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Deployment was not significantly associated with new-onset disordered eating in women or men, after adjustment for baseline demographic, military, and behavioral characteristics. However, in subgroup comparison analyses of deployers, deployed women reporting combat exposures were 1.78 times more likely to report new-onset disordered eating (95% confidence interval: 1.02, 3.11) and 2.35 times more likely to lose 10% or more of their body weight compared with women who deployed but did not report combat exposures (95% confidence interval: 1.17, 4.70). Despite no significant overall association between deployment and disordered eating and weight changes, deployed women reporting combat exposures represent a subgroup at higher risk for developing eating problems and weight loss. SN - 1476-6256 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19193718/Disordered_eating_and_weight_changes_after_deployment:_longitudinal_assessment_of_a_large_US_military_cohort_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/aje/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/aje/kwn366 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -