Higher HDL cholesterol levels are associated with a lower incidence of chronic kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes.Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2009 Oct; 19(8):580-6.NM
BACKGROUND AND AIMS
Type 2 diabetes is one of the most important risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recently, it has been shown that lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels predicted the development of microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetic individuals. We have prospectively assessed the effects of plasma HDL-C levels on the incidence of CKD in a large cohort of type 2 diabetic patients.
METHODS AND RESULTS
We followed 1987 type 2 diabetic outpatients with normal or near-normal kidney function at baseline for 5 years for the occurrence of incident CKD defined as glomerular filtration rate < or = 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) (as estimated by the abbreviated Modified Diet and Renal Disease Study equation). Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine the independent relationship between plasma HDL-C levels and incident CKD. During a median follow-up of 5 years, 11.8% (n=234) of participants developed incident CKD. In multivariate regression analysis, higher HDL-C levels were associated with a lower risk of incident CKD (multiple-adjusted hazard ratio 0.76; 95% coefficient intervals 0.61-0.96; p=0.025) independently of age, gender, body mass index, hypertension, smoking history, diabetes duration, hemoglobin A1c, plasma triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, presence of diabetic retinopathy, baseline albuminuria, and current use of medications (anti-hypertensive, anti-platelet, lipid-lowering and hypoglycemic drugs).
Higher plasma levels of HDL-C are associated with a lower risk of incident CKD in a large cohort of type 2 diabetic adults independently of numerous confounding factors.