Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Hydrogen breath testing in adults: what is it and why is it performed?
Gastroenterol Nurs. 2009 Jan-Feb; 32(1):19-24; quiz 25-6.GN

Abstract

A hydrogen breath test is a safe, easy-to-perform, 2-to 3-hour outpatient procedure used to identify the presence of small intestine bacterial overgrowth, evaluate carbohydrate maldigestion or malabsorption, and measure intestinal transit time. Breath sample analysis can reveal bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine by the characteristic early rise in breath hydrogen concentration (i.e., an earlier-than-expected rise at approximately 90 minutes when the substrate reaches the colon). Patients with irritable bowel syndrome are often referred for a hydrogen breath test because of symptoms of abdominal bloating, cramping, and diarrhea that are also characteristic of bacterial overgrowth. The elderly are at greater risk for nutritional compromise from untreated small intestine bacterial overgrowth than are younger patients. Treatment often consists of one or more courses of antibiotics. Most patients experience a reduction in symptoms with treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Gastroenterology & Hepatology Clinic, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA. deborah.a.lindberg@hitchcock.org

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19197185

Citation

Lindberg, Deborah A.. "Hydrogen Breath Testing in Adults: what Is It and Why Is It Performed?" Gastroenterology Nursing : the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates, vol. 32, no. 1, 2009, pp. 19-24; quiz 25-6.
Lindberg DA. Hydrogen breath testing in adults: what is it and why is it performed? Gastroenterol Nurs. 2009;32(1):19-24; quiz 25-6.
Lindberg, D. A. (2009). Hydrogen breath testing in adults: what is it and why is it performed? Gastroenterology Nursing : the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates, 32(1), 19-24; quiz 25-6. https://doi.org/10.1097/SGA.0b013e3181965d2d
Lindberg DA. Hydrogen Breath Testing in Adults: what Is It and Why Is It Performed. Gastroenterol Nurs. 2009 Jan-Feb;32(1):19-24; quiz 25-6. PubMed PMID: 19197185.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hydrogen breath testing in adults: what is it and why is it performed? A1 - Lindberg,Deborah A, PY - 2009/2/7/entrez PY - 2009/2/7/pubmed PY - 2009/5/30/medline SP - 19-24; quiz 25-6 JF - Gastroenterology nursing : the official journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates JO - Gastroenterol Nurs VL - 32 IS - 1 N2 - A hydrogen breath test is a safe, easy-to-perform, 2-to 3-hour outpatient procedure used to identify the presence of small intestine bacterial overgrowth, evaluate carbohydrate maldigestion or malabsorption, and measure intestinal transit time. Breath sample analysis can reveal bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine by the characteristic early rise in breath hydrogen concentration (i.e., an earlier-than-expected rise at approximately 90 minutes when the substrate reaches the colon). Patients with irritable bowel syndrome are often referred for a hydrogen breath test because of symptoms of abdominal bloating, cramping, and diarrhea that are also characteristic of bacterial overgrowth. The elderly are at greater risk for nutritional compromise from untreated small intestine bacterial overgrowth than are younger patients. Treatment often consists of one or more courses of antibiotics. Most patients experience a reduction in symptoms with treatment. SN - 1538-9766 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19197185/Hydrogen_breath_testing_in_adults:_what_is_it_and_why_is_it_performed L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SGA.0b013e3181965d2d DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -