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Blood pressure and associated cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents of Mexico City.
Arch Cardiol Mex. 2008 Oct-Dec; 78(4):384-91.AC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the prevalence of high blood pressure and associated cardiovascular risk factors in Mexican adolescents.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study was conducted in 770 male and 1076 female students (12 to 16 years old) from eight randomly selected high schools in Mexico City. Anthropometry, blood pressure and fasting lipids and lipoproteins were measured.

RESULTS

Blood pressure levels were adjusted for age, gender, and height. The prevalence rates of hypertension (systolic blood pressure (SBP) and/or diastolic (DBP) > or =95th percentile), and pre-hypertension (SBP or DBP > or =90th but <95th percentile) were 10.6 and 10%, respectively. Compared to normotensive subjects, those with high blood pressure showed a significantly higher prevalence of obesity, overweight, and dyslipidemia. A stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that waist (18.3%), Tanner stage (4.7%), age (2.1%), gender (0.6%), and body mass index (BMI, 0.3%) accounted for 26% of the variance in SBP; whereas BMI (8.7%), age (4.8%), Tanner stage (1.7%), waist (0.4%), and gender (0.4%) accounted for 15.9% of the variance in DBP.

CONCLUSIONS

These results reveal a high prevalence of high blood pressure in adolescents living in Mexico City. Prehypertensive and hypertensive subjects showed a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, suggesting that, as adults, these adolescents will be at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Endocrinology, Institute Nacional de Cardiologia Ignacio Chavez, Mexico City, Mexico.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19205546

Citation

Juárez-Rojas, Juan Gabriel, et al. "Blood Pressure and Associated Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adolescents of Mexico City." Archivos De Cardiologia De Mexico, vol. 78, no. 4, 2008, pp. 384-91.
Juárez-Rojas JG, Cardoso-Saldaña GC, Posadas-Sánchez R, et al. Blood pressure and associated cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents of Mexico City. Arch Cardiol Mex. 2008;78(4):384-91.
Juárez-Rojas, J. G., Cardoso-Saldaña, G. C., Posadas-Sánchez, R., Medina-Urrutia, A. X., Yamamoto-Kimura, L., & Posadas-Romero, C. (2008). Blood pressure and associated cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents of Mexico City. Archivos De Cardiologia De Mexico, 78(4), 384-91.
Juárez-Rojas JG, et al. Blood Pressure and Associated Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adolescents of Mexico City. Arch Cardiol Mex. 2008 Oct-Dec;78(4):384-91. PubMed PMID: 19205546.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Blood pressure and associated cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents of Mexico City. AU - Juárez-Rojas,Juan Gabriel, AU - Cardoso-Saldaña,Guillermo C, AU - Posadas-Sánchez,Rosalinda, AU - Medina-Urrutia,Aída Xochitl, AU - Yamamoto-Kimura,Liria, AU - Posadas-Romero,Carlos, PY - 2009/2/12/entrez PY - 2009/2/12/pubmed PY - 2009/2/20/medline SP - 384 EP - 91 JF - Archivos de cardiologia de Mexico JO - Arch Cardiol Mex VL - 78 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of high blood pressure and associated cardiovascular risk factors in Mexican adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 770 male and 1076 female students (12 to 16 years old) from eight randomly selected high schools in Mexico City. Anthropometry, blood pressure and fasting lipids and lipoproteins were measured. RESULTS: Blood pressure levels were adjusted for age, gender, and height. The prevalence rates of hypertension (systolic blood pressure (SBP) and/or diastolic (DBP) > or =95th percentile), and pre-hypertension (SBP or DBP > or =90th but <95th percentile) were 10.6 and 10%, respectively. Compared to normotensive subjects, those with high blood pressure showed a significantly higher prevalence of obesity, overweight, and dyslipidemia. A stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that waist (18.3%), Tanner stage (4.7%), age (2.1%), gender (0.6%), and body mass index (BMI, 0.3%) accounted for 26% of the variance in SBP; whereas BMI (8.7%), age (4.8%), Tanner stage (1.7%), waist (0.4%), and gender (0.4%) accounted for 15.9% of the variance in DBP. CONCLUSIONS: These results reveal a high prevalence of high blood pressure in adolescents living in Mexico City. Prehypertensive and hypertensive subjects showed a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, suggesting that, as adults, these adolescents will be at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease. SN - 1405-9940 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19205546/Blood_pressure_and_associated_cardiovascular_risk_factors_in_adolescents_of_Mexico_City_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/highbloodpressure.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -