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Factors contributing to regular smoking in adolescents in Turkey.
J Sch Health 2009; 79(3):93-7JS

Abstract

PURPOSE

The objectives of this study were to determine the levels of lifetime cigarette use, daily use, and current use among young people (aged 15-19 years) and to examine the risk factors contributing to regular smoking.

METHODS

The number of students was determined proportionately to the numbers of students in all the high schools in the province of Trabzon in Turkey. The data were gathered using the questionnaire method. A total of 4666 students participated in the study. The chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used in data analysis.

RESULTS

Of the 4666 students who took part in the study, the level of lifetime cigarette use was 38.2% (n = 1796), that of lifetime daily cigarette use was 10.5% (n = 491), and that of current cigarette use was 9.5% (n = 447). Male students (P < .0005), those whose mothers were smokers (P < .0005), those whose fathers smoked (P = .005), those whose siblings smoked (P<.0005), those whose friends smoked (P < .0005), those whose teachers smoked (P = .001), and low achievers in school (P < .0005) stated that they significantly smoked on a more regular basis. According to the results of the logistic regression analysis, the following risk factors were statistically significant: male students smoked 3.02 times (95% CI 2.20-4.16) more than females, those whose mothers were smokers smoked 1.57 times (95% CI 1.09-2.28) more than those whose mothers were not, those whose friends were smokers smoked 2.42 times (95% CI 1.73-3.39) more than those whose friends were non-smokers, poor achievers in school smoked 2.62 times (95% CI 1.97-3.49) more than high achievers, and those without poor grades smoked 1.75 times more (95% CI 1.23-2.40), the risk rising 1.06 times (95% CI 1.01-1.11) with earlier age at first experimentation. The risk of daily cigarette use was observed to decline by 0.91 times (95% CI 0.84-0.98) with increasing numbers of siblings.

CONCLUSION

Effective smoking prevention programs should take into account the dominant influence of peer groups in the onset and continuation of smoking.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Kardeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey. gcanktu@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19207514

Citation

Can, Gamze, et al. "Factors Contributing to Regular Smoking in Adolescents in Turkey." The Journal of School Health, vol. 79, no. 3, 2009, pp. 93-7.
Can G, Topbas M, Oztuna F, et al. Factors contributing to regular smoking in adolescents in Turkey. J Sch Health. 2009;79(3):93-7.
Can, G., Topbas, M., Oztuna, F., Ozgun, S., Can, E., & Yavuzyilmaz, A. (2009). Factors contributing to regular smoking in adolescents in Turkey. The Journal of School Health, 79(3), pp. 93-7. doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.0392.x.
Can G, et al. Factors Contributing to Regular Smoking in Adolescents in Turkey. J Sch Health. 2009;79(3):93-7. PubMed PMID: 19207514.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors contributing to regular smoking in adolescents in Turkey. AU - Can,Gamze, AU - Topbas,Murat, AU - Oztuna,Funda, AU - Ozgun,Sukru, AU - Can,Emine, AU - Yavuzyilmaz,Asuman, PY - 2009/2/12/entrez PY - 2009/2/12/pubmed PY - 2009/5/14/medline SP - 93 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of school health JO - J Sch Health VL - 79 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to determine the levels of lifetime cigarette use, daily use, and current use among young people (aged 15-19 years) and to examine the risk factors contributing to regular smoking. METHODS: The number of students was determined proportionately to the numbers of students in all the high schools in the province of Trabzon in Turkey. The data were gathered using the questionnaire method. A total of 4666 students participated in the study. The chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used in data analysis. RESULTS: Of the 4666 students who took part in the study, the level of lifetime cigarette use was 38.2% (n = 1796), that of lifetime daily cigarette use was 10.5% (n = 491), and that of current cigarette use was 9.5% (n = 447). Male students (P < .0005), those whose mothers were smokers (P < .0005), those whose fathers smoked (P = .005), those whose siblings smoked (P<.0005), those whose friends smoked (P < .0005), those whose teachers smoked (P = .001), and low achievers in school (P < .0005) stated that they significantly smoked on a more regular basis. According to the results of the logistic regression analysis, the following risk factors were statistically significant: male students smoked 3.02 times (95% CI 2.20-4.16) more than females, those whose mothers were smokers smoked 1.57 times (95% CI 1.09-2.28) more than those whose mothers were not, those whose friends were smokers smoked 2.42 times (95% CI 1.73-3.39) more than those whose friends were non-smokers, poor achievers in school smoked 2.62 times (95% CI 1.97-3.49) more than high achievers, and those without poor grades smoked 1.75 times more (95% CI 1.23-2.40), the risk rising 1.06 times (95% CI 1.01-1.11) with earlier age at first experimentation. The risk of daily cigarette use was observed to decline by 0.91 times (95% CI 0.84-0.98) with increasing numbers of siblings. CONCLUSION: Effective smoking prevention programs should take into account the dominant influence of peer groups in the onset and continuation of smoking. SN - 1746-1561 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19207514/Factors_contributing_to_regular_smoking_in_adolescents_in_Turkey_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.0392.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -