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Salient environmental and perceptual correlates of current and established smoking for 2 representative cohorts of Indiana adolescents.
J Sch Health 2009; 79(3):98-107JS

Abstract

PURPOSE

A secondary analysis of 2000 and 2004 Indiana Youth Tobacco Survey (IYTS) data was conducted to investigate salient environmental and perceptual correlates of adolescents' current and established smoking while controlling for demographic variables such as gender, grade, and race/ethnicity and to compare the pattern of significant correlates between the years.

METHODS

The IYTS was an anonymous school-based survey regarding tobacco use; familiarity with pro- and anti-tobacco media messages; exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS); minors' access to tobacco products; and general knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about tobacco. In 2000, a representative sample of 1416 public high school students in grades 9-12 and 1516 public middle school students in grades 6-8 (71.44% and 72.53% response rates, respectively) were surveyed. In 2004, 3433 public high school students and 1990 public middle school students (63.04% and 65.44 % response rates, respectively) were surveyed.

RESULTS

Significant predictors of adolescents' current and established smoking habits included exposure to ETS either in homes or in cars, exposure to pro-tobacco messages, perceived benefit of smoking, and perceived peer acceptance of smoking. The influence of exposure to pro-tobacco messages greatly outweighed exposure to any anti-tobacco messages.

CONCLUSIONS

The findings of this study warrant that more efforts and resources be placed on preventing youth from being exposed to ETS, and to control pro-tobacco marketing and improve the tobacco counter-marketing messages. The perceived benefits of smoking found here indicate that smoking for relaxation and weight control may be major influencing factors on adolescent smoking.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University, HPER 116, 1025 E. Seventh St, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA. seo@indiana.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19207515

Citation

Seo, Dong-Chul, et al. "Salient Environmental and Perceptual Correlates of Current and Established Smoking for 2 Representative Cohorts of Indiana Adolescents." The Journal of School Health, vol. 79, no. 3, 2009, pp. 98-107.
Seo DC, Bodde AE, Torabi MR. Salient environmental and perceptual correlates of current and established smoking for 2 representative cohorts of Indiana adolescents. J Sch Health. 2009;79(3):98-107.
Seo, D. C., Bodde, A. E., & Torabi, M. R. (2009). Salient environmental and perceptual correlates of current and established smoking for 2 representative cohorts of Indiana adolescents. The Journal of School Health, 79(3), pp. 98-107. doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2009.00393.x.
Seo DC, Bodde AE, Torabi MR. Salient Environmental and Perceptual Correlates of Current and Established Smoking for 2 Representative Cohorts of Indiana Adolescents. J Sch Health. 2009;79(3):98-107. PubMed PMID: 19207515.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Salient environmental and perceptual correlates of current and established smoking for 2 representative cohorts of Indiana adolescents. AU - Seo,Dong-Chul, AU - Bodde,Amy E, AU - Torabi,Mohammad R, PY - 2009/2/12/entrez PY - 2009/2/12/pubmed PY - 2009/5/14/medline SP - 98 EP - 107 JF - The Journal of school health JO - J Sch Health VL - 79 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: A secondary analysis of 2000 and 2004 Indiana Youth Tobacco Survey (IYTS) data was conducted to investigate salient environmental and perceptual correlates of adolescents' current and established smoking while controlling for demographic variables such as gender, grade, and race/ethnicity and to compare the pattern of significant correlates between the years. METHODS: The IYTS was an anonymous school-based survey regarding tobacco use; familiarity with pro- and anti-tobacco media messages; exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS); minors' access to tobacco products; and general knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about tobacco. In 2000, a representative sample of 1416 public high school students in grades 9-12 and 1516 public middle school students in grades 6-8 (71.44% and 72.53% response rates, respectively) were surveyed. In 2004, 3433 public high school students and 1990 public middle school students (63.04% and 65.44 % response rates, respectively) were surveyed. RESULTS: Significant predictors of adolescents' current and established smoking habits included exposure to ETS either in homes or in cars, exposure to pro-tobacco messages, perceived benefit of smoking, and perceived peer acceptance of smoking. The influence of exposure to pro-tobacco messages greatly outweighed exposure to any anti-tobacco messages. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study warrant that more efforts and resources be placed on preventing youth from being exposed to ETS, and to control pro-tobacco marketing and improve the tobacco counter-marketing messages. The perceived benefits of smoking found here indicate that smoking for relaxation and weight control may be major influencing factors on adolescent smoking. SN - 1746-1561 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19207515/Salient_environmental_and_perceptual_correlates_of_current_and_established_smoking_for_2_representative_cohorts_of_Indiana_adolescents_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2009.00393.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -