Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The cost of comorbid depression and pain for individuals diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder.
J Nerv Ment Dis. 2009 Feb; 197(2):136-9.JN

Abstract

Patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) often have comorbid medical and psychiatric disorders and may incur higher costs. In this study, a total of 36,435 GAD patients aged 18 to 64 were identified from a claims database. Patient's total health care and component costs were compared between GAD patients with and without comorbid depression and pain using general linear models. The average total annual cost for all the GAD patients in the study was $7451. Compared with patients with GAD-only, the estimated total cost was $762 higher for GAD with depression (p < 0.001), $2989 higher for GAD with pain (p < 0.001), and $6073 higher for GAD with both depression and pain (p < 0.001). Comorbid depression and pain had significant impact on costs, especially those with pain or with both depression and pain. This suggests that an optimal strategy for GAD should take into account comorbid pain and depression.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Lilly Corporate Center, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285, USA. baojin.z@lilly.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19214050

Citation

Zhu, Baojin, et al. "The Cost of Comorbid Depression and Pain for Individuals Diagnosed With Generalized Anxiety Disorder." The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 197, no. 2, 2009, pp. 136-9.
Zhu B, Zhao Z, Ye W, et al. The cost of comorbid depression and pain for individuals diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2009;197(2):136-9.
Zhu, B., Zhao, Z., Ye, W., Marciniak, M. D., & Swindle, R. (2009). The cost of comorbid depression and pain for individuals diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 197(2), 136-9. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181963486
Zhu B, et al. The Cost of Comorbid Depression and Pain for Individuals Diagnosed With Generalized Anxiety Disorder. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2009;197(2):136-9. PubMed PMID: 19214050.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The cost of comorbid depression and pain for individuals diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder. AU - Zhu,Baojin, AU - Zhao,Zhongyun, AU - Ye,Wenyu, AU - Marciniak,Martin D, AU - Swindle,Ralph, PY - 2009/2/14/entrez PY - 2009/2/14/pubmed PY - 2009/2/28/medline SP - 136 EP - 9 JF - The Journal of nervous and mental disease JO - J Nerv Ment Dis VL - 197 IS - 2 N2 - Patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) often have comorbid medical and psychiatric disorders and may incur higher costs. In this study, a total of 36,435 GAD patients aged 18 to 64 were identified from a claims database. Patient's total health care and component costs were compared between GAD patients with and without comorbid depression and pain using general linear models. The average total annual cost for all the GAD patients in the study was $7451. Compared with patients with GAD-only, the estimated total cost was $762 higher for GAD with depression (p < 0.001), $2989 higher for GAD with pain (p < 0.001), and $6073 higher for GAD with both depression and pain (p < 0.001). Comorbid depression and pain had significant impact on costs, especially those with pain or with both depression and pain. This suggests that an optimal strategy for GAD should take into account comorbid pain and depression. SN - 1539-736X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19214050/The_cost_of_comorbid_depression_and_pain_for_individuals_diagnosed_with_generalized_anxiety_disorder_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181963486 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -