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Associations between smoking cessation and anxiety and depression among U.S. adults.
Addict Behav 2009 Jun-Jul; 34(6-7):491-7AB

Abstract

Many studies have shown a relationship between smoking and depression. However, few studies have examined the association between current depression and smoking and even fewer used large cross-sectional data to support these findings. Using the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data (n=248,800), we compared rates of lifetime depression, lifetime anxiety, current depression, and current depressive symptoms among smokers who unsuccessfully attempted to quit (unsuccessful quitters), former smokers (successful quitters), and smokers who made no attempts to quit (non-quitters). Unsuccessful quitters experienced more lifetime depression and anxiety than non-quitters (OR=1.2; 95% CI, 1.0-1.4), whereas successful quitters experienced less (OR=0.7, 95% CI, 0.6-0.8). Current depression prevalence was 14.3% among non-quitters, 18.8% among unsuccessful quitters, and 8.0% among successful quitters. On average, unsuccessful quitters also experienced more days of depressive symptoms during the previous month than either non-quitters or successful quitters. Our results suggest that smokers who attempt to quit unsuccessfully may experience lifetime depression as well as current depression at a higher rate than other smokers and former smokers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, Mailstop K-50, Atlanta, GA, 30341, United States. AMcClave@cdc.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19217720

Citation

McClave, Annette K., et al. "Associations Between Smoking Cessation and Anxiety and Depression Among U.S. Adults." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 34, no. 6-7, 2009, pp. 491-7.
McClave AK, Dube SR, Strine TW, et al. Associations between smoking cessation and anxiety and depression among U.S. adults. Addict Behav. 2009;34(6-7):491-7.
McClave, A. K., Dube, S. R., Strine, T. W., Kroenke, K., Caraballo, R. S., & Mokdad, A. H. (2009). Associations between smoking cessation and anxiety and depression among U.S. adults. Addictive Behaviors, 34(6-7), pp. 491-7. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.01.005.
McClave AK, et al. Associations Between Smoking Cessation and Anxiety and Depression Among U.S. Adults. Addict Behav. 2009;34(6-7):491-7. PubMed PMID: 19217720.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between smoking cessation and anxiety and depression among U.S. adults. AU - McClave,Annette K, AU - Dube,Shanta R, AU - Strine,Tara W, AU - Kroenke,Kurt, AU - Caraballo,Ralph S, AU - Mokdad,Ali H, Y1 - 2009/01/31/ PY - 2008/10/31/received PY - 2009/01/08/revised PY - 2009/01/23/accepted PY - 2009/2/17/entrez PY - 2009/2/17/pubmed PY - 2010/4/29/medline SP - 491 EP - 7 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 34 IS - 6-7 N2 - Many studies have shown a relationship between smoking and depression. However, few studies have examined the association between current depression and smoking and even fewer used large cross-sectional data to support these findings. Using the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data (n=248,800), we compared rates of lifetime depression, lifetime anxiety, current depression, and current depressive symptoms among smokers who unsuccessfully attempted to quit (unsuccessful quitters), former smokers (successful quitters), and smokers who made no attempts to quit (non-quitters). Unsuccessful quitters experienced more lifetime depression and anxiety than non-quitters (OR=1.2; 95% CI, 1.0-1.4), whereas successful quitters experienced less (OR=0.7, 95% CI, 0.6-0.8). Current depression prevalence was 14.3% among non-quitters, 18.8% among unsuccessful quitters, and 8.0% among successful quitters. On average, unsuccessful quitters also experienced more days of depressive symptoms during the previous month than either non-quitters or successful quitters. Our results suggest that smokers who attempt to quit unsuccessfully may experience lifetime depression as well as current depression at a higher rate than other smokers and former smokers. SN - 1873-6327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19217720/Associations_between_smoking_cessation_and_anxiety_and_depression_among_U_S__adults_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4603(09)00026-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -