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Comparative study of children with ADHD only, autism spectrum disorder + ADHD, and chronic multiple tic disorder + ADHD.
J Atten Disord. 2009 Mar; 12(5):474-85.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Identification of differences among children with ADHD only, autism spectrum disorder (ASD)+ADHD, and chronic multiple tic disorder (CMTD)+ADHD may lead to better understanding of clinical phenotypes.

METHOD

Children were evaluated using the parent- and teacher-completed questionnaires.

RESULTS

All three groups were highly similar in severity of oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder symptoms; however, the ASD+ADHD group generally exhibited the most severe anxiety, although the CMTD+ADHD group had the most severe generalized anxiety. The two comorbid groups had the most involved medical histories and the greatest likelihood of a family history of psychopathology.

CONCLUSION

Groups differed in clinically meaningful ways, and the apparent association between tics and anxiety may explain in part the elevated levels of anxiety in both comorbid groups. Collectively, results suggest that ADHD may be better conceptualized as a family of interrelated syndromes defined in part by comorbid conditions and that continued research is clearly warranted.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8790, USA. kdgadow@notes.cc.sunysb.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19218544

Citation

Gadow, Kenneth D., et al. "Comparative Study of Children With ADHD Only, Autism Spectrum Disorder + ADHD, and Chronic Multiple Tic Disorder + ADHD." Journal of Attention Disorders, vol. 12, no. 5, 2009, pp. 474-85.
Gadow KD, DeVincent CJ, Schneider J. Comparative study of children with ADHD only, autism spectrum disorder + ADHD, and chronic multiple tic disorder + ADHD. J Atten Disord. 2009;12(5):474-85.
Gadow, K. D., DeVincent, C. J., & Schneider, J. (2009). Comparative study of children with ADHD only, autism spectrum disorder + ADHD, and chronic multiple tic disorder + ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 12(5), 474-85. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054708320404
Gadow KD, DeVincent CJ, Schneider J. Comparative Study of Children With ADHD Only, Autism Spectrum Disorder + ADHD, and Chronic Multiple Tic Disorder + ADHD. J Atten Disord. 2009;12(5):474-85. PubMed PMID: 19218544.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparative study of children with ADHD only, autism spectrum disorder + ADHD, and chronic multiple tic disorder + ADHD. AU - Gadow,Kenneth D, AU - DeVincent,Carla J, AU - Schneider,Jayne, PY - 2009/2/17/entrez PY - 2009/2/17/pubmed PY - 2009/5/12/medline SP - 474 EP - 85 JF - Journal of attention disorders JO - J Atten Disord VL - 12 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Identification of differences among children with ADHD only, autism spectrum disorder (ASD)+ADHD, and chronic multiple tic disorder (CMTD)+ADHD may lead to better understanding of clinical phenotypes. METHOD: Children were evaluated using the parent- and teacher-completed questionnaires. RESULTS: All three groups were highly similar in severity of oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder symptoms; however, the ASD+ADHD group generally exhibited the most severe anxiety, although the CMTD+ADHD group had the most severe generalized anxiety. The two comorbid groups had the most involved medical histories and the greatest likelihood of a family history of psychopathology. CONCLUSION: Groups differed in clinically meaningful ways, and the apparent association between tics and anxiety may explain in part the elevated levels of anxiety in both comorbid groups. Collectively, results suggest that ADHD may be better conceptualized as a family of interrelated syndromes defined in part by comorbid conditions and that continued research is clearly warranted. SN - 1087-0547 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19218544/Comparative_study_of_children_with_ADHD_only_autism_spectrum_disorder_+_ADHD_and_chronic_multiple_tic_disorder_+_ADHD_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1087054708320404?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -