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Phobic spider fear is associated with enhanced attentional capture by spider pictures: a rapid serial presentation event-related potential study.
Neuroreport. 2009 Mar 04; 20(4):445-9.N

Abstract

The early posterior negativity (EPN) reflects early selective visual processing of emotionally significant information. This study explored the association between fear of spiders and the EPN for spider pictures. Fifty women completed a Spider Phobia Questionnaire and watched the random rapid serial presentation of 600 neutral, 600 negatively valenced emotional, and 600 spider pictures (three pictures per second). The EPN was scored as the mean activity in the 225-300-ms time window at lateral occipital electrodes. Participants with higher scores on the phobia questionnaire showed larger (i.e. more negative) EPN amplitudes in response to spider pictures. The results suggest that the attentional capture of spider-related stimuli is an automatic response, which is modulated by the extent of spider fear.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Erasmus Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Institute of Psychology, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. vanstrien@fsw.eur.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19218869

Citation

Van Strien, Jan W., et al. "Phobic Spider Fear Is Associated With Enhanced Attentional Capture By Spider Pictures: a Rapid Serial Presentation Event-related Potential Study." Neuroreport, vol. 20, no. 4, 2009, pp. 445-9.
Van Strien JW, Franken IH, Huijding J. Phobic spider fear is associated with enhanced attentional capture by spider pictures: a rapid serial presentation event-related potential study. Neuroreport. 2009;20(4):445-9.
Van Strien, J. W., Franken, I. H., & Huijding, J. (2009). Phobic spider fear is associated with enhanced attentional capture by spider pictures: a rapid serial presentation event-related potential study. Neuroreport, 20(4), 445-9. https://doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0b013e3283262e26
Van Strien JW, Franken IH, Huijding J. Phobic Spider Fear Is Associated With Enhanced Attentional Capture By Spider Pictures: a Rapid Serial Presentation Event-related Potential Study. Neuroreport. 2009 Mar 4;20(4):445-9. PubMed PMID: 19218869.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phobic spider fear is associated with enhanced attentional capture by spider pictures: a rapid serial presentation event-related potential study. AU - Van Strien,Jan W, AU - Franken,Ingmar H A, AU - Huijding,Jorg, PY - 2009/2/17/entrez PY - 2009/2/17/pubmed PY - 2009/3/20/medline SP - 445 EP - 9 JF - Neuroreport JO - Neuroreport VL - 20 IS - 4 N2 - The early posterior negativity (EPN) reflects early selective visual processing of emotionally significant information. This study explored the association between fear of spiders and the EPN for spider pictures. Fifty women completed a Spider Phobia Questionnaire and watched the random rapid serial presentation of 600 neutral, 600 negatively valenced emotional, and 600 spider pictures (three pictures per second). The EPN was scored as the mean activity in the 225-300-ms time window at lateral occipital electrodes. Participants with higher scores on the phobia questionnaire showed larger (i.e. more negative) EPN amplitudes in response to spider pictures. The results suggest that the attentional capture of spider-related stimuli is an automatic response, which is modulated by the extent of spider fear. SN - 1473-558X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19218869/Phobic_spider_fear_is_associated_with_enhanced_attentional_capture_by_spider_pictures:_a_rapid_serial_presentation_event_related_potential_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0b013e3283262e26 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -