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Inattention and hyperactivity dimensions of ADHD are associated with different personality profiles.
Psychopathology. 2009; 42(2):108-12.P

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Previous studies have suggested that individuals with ADHD have high scores in novelty seeking and harm avoidance. However, it is not known whether personality is associated with specific subtypes and dimensions of the disorder. The aim of this study is to test for associations between scores in the temperament and character inventory of C.R. Cloninger with adult ADHD subtypes and severity.

SAMPLING AND METHODS

The diagnostic interviews of 296 adult ADHD patients followed the DSM-IV criteria. ADHD dimensions were evaluated with the SNAP-IV scores, and personality dimensions were assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory.

RESULTS

The combined subtype (n=168) was associated with higher scores in novelty seeking (p<0.001) and lower scores in cooperativeness (p=0.006) than the inattentive subtype (n=128). Higher inattention scores were associated with decreased self-directedness (p<0.001) and increased harm avoidance (p=0.02), whereas higher hyperactivity/impulsivity scores correlated positively with novelty seeking (p<0.001) and persistence (p=0.03).

CONCLUSIONS

These findings suggest that personality dimensions are strongly correlated with ADHD subtypes and severity dimensions, pointing to the need for studies evaluating the mechanisms behind this association.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Adult ADHD Outpatient Clinic, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19225245

Citation

Salgado, Carlos A I., et al. "Inattention and Hyperactivity Dimensions of ADHD Are Associated With Different Personality Profiles." Psychopathology, vol. 42, no. 2, 2009, pp. 108-12.
Salgado CA, Bau CH, Grevet EH, et al. Inattention and hyperactivity dimensions of ADHD are associated with different personality profiles. Psychopathology. 2009;42(2):108-12.
Salgado, C. A., Bau, C. H., Grevet, E. H., Fischer, A. G., Victor, M. M., Kalil, K. L., Sousa, N. O., Garcia, C. R., & Belmonte-de-Abreu, P. (2009). Inattention and hyperactivity dimensions of ADHD are associated with different personality profiles. Psychopathology, 42(2), 108-12. https://doi.org/10.1159/000203343
Salgado CA, et al. Inattention and Hyperactivity Dimensions of ADHD Are Associated With Different Personality Profiles. Psychopathology. 2009;42(2):108-12. PubMed PMID: 19225245.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Inattention and hyperactivity dimensions of ADHD are associated with different personality profiles. AU - Salgado,Carlos A I, AU - Bau,Claiton H D, AU - Grevet,Eugenio H, AU - Fischer,Aline G, AU - Victor,Marcelo M, AU - Kalil,Katiane L S, AU - Sousa,Nyvia O, AU - Garcia,Christiane R, AU - Belmonte-de-Abreu,Paulo, Y1 - 2009/02/19/ PY - 2007/10/26/received PY - 2008/06/05/accepted PY - 2009/2/20/entrez PY - 2009/2/20/pubmed PY - 2009/8/15/medline SP - 108 EP - 12 JF - Psychopathology JO - Psychopathology VL - 42 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that individuals with ADHD have high scores in novelty seeking and harm avoidance. However, it is not known whether personality is associated with specific subtypes and dimensions of the disorder. The aim of this study is to test for associations between scores in the temperament and character inventory of C.R. Cloninger with adult ADHD subtypes and severity. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The diagnostic interviews of 296 adult ADHD patients followed the DSM-IV criteria. ADHD dimensions were evaluated with the SNAP-IV scores, and personality dimensions were assessed using the Temperament and Character Inventory. RESULTS: The combined subtype (n=168) was associated with higher scores in novelty seeking (p<0.001) and lower scores in cooperativeness (p=0.006) than the inattentive subtype (n=128). Higher inattention scores were associated with decreased self-directedness (p<0.001) and increased harm avoidance (p=0.02), whereas higher hyperactivity/impulsivity scores correlated positively with novelty seeking (p<0.001) and persistence (p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that personality dimensions are strongly correlated with ADHD subtypes and severity dimensions, pointing to the need for studies evaluating the mechanisms behind this association. SN - 1423-033X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19225245/Inattention_and_hyperactivity_dimensions_of_ADHD_are_associated_with_different_personality_profiles_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000203343 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -