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Interpopulation study of medical attendance aboard a cruise ship.
Int Marit Health. 2008; 59(1-4):61-8.IM

Abstract

The study carried out aboard a cruise ship in the years 1993-1998 involved ship passengers of various nationalities including 3872 Germans aged 23-94 years and 1281 Americans aged 25-94 years. Both nationality groups were divided into two age subgroups: till 64, and 65-94 years. The German younger age subgroup (mean age 53.2 years) consisted of 59% of the passengers, whereas the 65-94 years subgroup (mean age 72 years) was made up of 41% of the ships passengers. On the other hand, 73% of the Americans belonged to the 65-94 years subgroup (mean age 73,4 years), whereas 27% to the younger one (mean age 52.8 years). The number of onboard consultations and their causes were determined. The occurrence of chronic illnesses in both 65-94 years subgroups was assessed by means of a questionnaire. A higher frequency of consultations was found in the Germans (24.38%) than in the Americans (14.05%) (p=0.001). The difference was particularly striking in the people over 65 years of age (30.87% of the Germans as compared with 14.22% of the Americans, p=0.001). The Germans were nearly 4-times more frequently seen than the Americans for cardio-vascular diseases and almost 3-times more often because of gastrointestinal disorders. The discrepancies in the consultation rates were mainly caused by the different insurance systems of both nations. Chronic illnesses as estimated by means of the questionnaire prevailed in the German passengers. The statistically significant differences (13.3% versus 20%, p=0.01 and 0.001) regarded the locomotor system, urinary tract diseases and a group of illnesses including neurological, ophthalmological, ear, skin, malignant diseases and diabetes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine, Medical University of Gdansk, Powstania Styczniowego 9 B, 80-519 Gdynia, Poland. rytom7@wp.plNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19227739

Citation

Tomaszewski, Ryszard, and Wacław Leszek Nahorski. "Interpopulation Study of Medical Attendance Aboard a Cruise Ship." International Maritime Health, vol. 59, no. 1-4, 2008, pp. 61-8.
Tomaszewski R, Nahorski WL. Interpopulation study of medical attendance aboard a cruise ship. Int Marit Health. 2008;59(1-4):61-8.
Tomaszewski, R., & Nahorski, W. L. (2008). Interpopulation study of medical attendance aboard a cruise ship. International Maritime Health, 59(1-4), 61-8.
Tomaszewski R, Nahorski WL. Interpopulation Study of Medical Attendance Aboard a Cruise Ship. Int Marit Health. 2008;59(1-4):61-8. PubMed PMID: 19227739.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Interpopulation study of medical attendance aboard a cruise ship. AU - Tomaszewski,Ryszard, AU - Nahorski,Wacław Leszek, PY - 2009/2/21/entrez PY - 2009/2/21/pubmed PY - 2009/4/17/medline SP - 61 EP - 8 JF - International maritime health JO - Int Marit Health VL - 59 IS - 1-4 N2 - The study carried out aboard a cruise ship in the years 1993-1998 involved ship passengers of various nationalities including 3872 Germans aged 23-94 years and 1281 Americans aged 25-94 years. Both nationality groups were divided into two age subgroups: till 64, and 65-94 years. The German younger age subgroup (mean age 53.2 years) consisted of 59% of the passengers, whereas the 65-94 years subgroup (mean age 72 years) was made up of 41% of the ships passengers. On the other hand, 73% of the Americans belonged to the 65-94 years subgroup (mean age 73,4 years), whereas 27% to the younger one (mean age 52.8 years). The number of onboard consultations and their causes were determined. The occurrence of chronic illnesses in both 65-94 years subgroups was assessed by means of a questionnaire. A higher frequency of consultations was found in the Germans (24.38%) than in the Americans (14.05%) (p=0.001). The difference was particularly striking in the people over 65 years of age (30.87% of the Germans as compared with 14.22% of the Americans, p=0.001). The Germans were nearly 4-times more frequently seen than the Americans for cardio-vascular diseases and almost 3-times more often because of gastrointestinal disorders. The discrepancies in the consultation rates were mainly caused by the different insurance systems of both nations. Chronic illnesses as estimated by means of the questionnaire prevailed in the German passengers. The statistically significant differences (13.3% versus 20%, p=0.01 and 0.001) regarded the locomotor system, urinary tract diseases and a group of illnesses including neurological, ophthalmological, ear, skin, malignant diseases and diabetes. SN - 1641-9251 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19227739/Interpopulation_study_of_medical_attendance_aboard_a_cruise_ship_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/emergencymedicalservices.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -