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Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in a New Zealand multiracial workforce.
N Z Med J. 1991 Sep 25; 104(920):395-7.NZ

Abstract

A cross sectional survey was carried out among a multiracial workforce of 5677 staff aged 40 to 64 years at worksites in Auckland and Tokoroa to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The prevalences of diabetes mellitus and IGT were both similar for men and women, but increased with age. The relative risks for diabetes mellitus and for IGT were both inversely associated with gross annual household income, independent of age and ethnicity, being 1.61 (95% Cl = 1.10, 2.37) and 1.80 (95% Cl = 1.21, 2.67) respectively, in the lowest income group (less than $30,000) compared with the highest (greater than $40,000). Compared with Europeans, the relative risk of diabetes mellitus was significantly increased among Maori (3.63; 95% Cl = 2.48, 5.32), Pacific Islanders (2.34; 95% Cl = 1.50, 3.66) and Asians (5.97; 95% Cl = 2.61, 13.65), after controlling for age, income and body mass index. The increased prevalence of diabetes mellitus among Maori and Pacific Islanders, but not in Asians, could be partly attributed to their increased levels of obesity compared with Europeans. However, other factors, in addition to obesity, explain the increased diabetes prevalence in nonEuropean groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Health, University of Auckland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1923082

Citation

Scragg, R, et al. "Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Impaired Glucose Tolerance in a New Zealand Multiracial Workforce." The New Zealand Medical Journal, vol. 104, no. 920, 1991, pp. 395-7.
Scragg R, Baker J, Metcalf P, et al. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in a New Zealand multiracial workforce. N Z Med J. 1991;104(920):395-7.
Scragg, R., Baker, J., Metcalf, P., & Dryson, E. (1991). Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in a New Zealand multiracial workforce. The New Zealand Medical Journal, 104(920), 395-7.
Scragg R, et al. Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Impaired Glucose Tolerance in a New Zealand Multiracial Workforce. N Z Med J. 1991 Sep 25;104(920):395-7. PubMed PMID: 1923082.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in a New Zealand multiracial workforce. AU - Scragg,R, AU - Baker,J, AU - Metcalf,P, AU - Dryson,E, PY - 1991/9/25/pubmed PY - 1991/9/25/medline PY - 1991/9/25/entrez SP - 395 EP - 7 JF - The New Zealand medical journal JO - N Z Med J VL - 104 IS - 920 N2 - A cross sectional survey was carried out among a multiracial workforce of 5677 staff aged 40 to 64 years at worksites in Auckland and Tokoroa to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The prevalences of diabetes mellitus and IGT were both similar for men and women, but increased with age. The relative risks for diabetes mellitus and for IGT were both inversely associated with gross annual household income, independent of age and ethnicity, being 1.61 (95% Cl = 1.10, 2.37) and 1.80 (95% Cl = 1.21, 2.67) respectively, in the lowest income group (less than $30,000) compared with the highest (greater than $40,000). Compared with Europeans, the relative risk of diabetes mellitus was significantly increased among Maori (3.63; 95% Cl = 2.48, 5.32), Pacific Islanders (2.34; 95% Cl = 1.50, 3.66) and Asians (5.97; 95% Cl = 2.61, 13.65), after controlling for age, income and body mass index. The increased prevalence of diabetes mellitus among Maori and Pacific Islanders, but not in Asians, could be partly attributed to their increased levels of obesity compared with Europeans. However, other factors, in addition to obesity, explain the increased diabetes prevalence in nonEuropean groups. SN - 0028-8446 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1923082/Prevalence_of_diabetes_mellitus_and_impaired_glucose_tolerance_in_a_New_Zealand_multiracial_workforce_ L2 - https://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/2236 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -