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Touching behaviors of infants of depressed mothers during normal and perturbed interactions.
Infant Behav Dev. 2009 Apr; 32(2):183-94.IB

Abstract

The present study investigated the touching behaviors of 4-month-old infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers during the still-face (SF; maternal emotional unavailability) and separation (SP; maternal physical unavailability) procedures. Forty-one dyads participated in the present study; dyads were from low SES backgrounds and they exhibited poor relationship qualities (e.g. poor maternal sensitivity, low infant responsiveness); thus, they were considered at-risk. Results indicated that infants exhibited more patting and pulling when mothers were unavailable during the SF and SP procedures. Moreover, depression affected infants' tactile behaviors: infants of depressed mothers used more reactive types of touch (i.e. active touching behaviors, such as grab, pat, pull) than infants of non-depressed mothers during emotional and physical unavailability, suggesting greater activity levels in infants of depressed mothers. Negative relationship indicators, such as maternal intrusiveness and hostility, predicted soothing/regulatory (i.e. nurturing) and reactive/regulatory types of touch, even after controlling for maternal depression. Taken together, these results underscore the importance of touch for infant communication and regulation during early social interactions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Research in Human Development, Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Quebec, Canada. robin.moszkowski@yahoo.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19232741

Citation

Moszkowski, Robin J., et al. "Touching Behaviors of Infants of Depressed Mothers During Normal and Perturbed Interactions." Infant Behavior & Development, vol. 32, no. 2, 2009, pp. 183-94.
Moszkowski RJ, Stack DM, Girouard N, et al. Touching behaviors of infants of depressed mothers during normal and perturbed interactions. Infant Behav Dev. 2009;32(2):183-94.
Moszkowski, R. J., Stack, D. M., Girouard, N., Field, T. M., Hernandez-Reif, M., & Diego, M. (2009). Touching behaviors of infants of depressed mothers during normal and perturbed interactions. Infant Behavior & Development, 32(2), 183-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2008.12.009
Moszkowski RJ, et al. Touching Behaviors of Infants of Depressed Mothers During Normal and Perturbed Interactions. Infant Behav Dev. 2009;32(2):183-94. PubMed PMID: 19232741.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Touching behaviors of infants of depressed mothers during normal and perturbed interactions. AU - Moszkowski,Robin J, AU - Stack,Dale M, AU - Girouard,Nadine, AU - Field,Tiffany M, AU - Hernandez-Reif,Maria, AU - Diego,Miguel, Y1 - 2009/02/18/ PY - 2007/11/12/received PY - 2008/11/08/revised PY - 2008/12/29/accepted PY - 2009/2/24/entrez PY - 2009/2/24/pubmed PY - 2009/6/12/medline SP - 183 EP - 94 JF - Infant behavior & development JO - Infant Behav Dev VL - 32 IS - 2 N2 - The present study investigated the touching behaviors of 4-month-old infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers during the still-face (SF; maternal emotional unavailability) and separation (SP; maternal physical unavailability) procedures. Forty-one dyads participated in the present study; dyads were from low SES backgrounds and they exhibited poor relationship qualities (e.g. poor maternal sensitivity, low infant responsiveness); thus, they were considered at-risk. Results indicated that infants exhibited more patting and pulling when mothers were unavailable during the SF and SP procedures. Moreover, depression affected infants' tactile behaviors: infants of depressed mothers used more reactive types of touch (i.e. active touching behaviors, such as grab, pat, pull) than infants of non-depressed mothers during emotional and physical unavailability, suggesting greater activity levels in infants of depressed mothers. Negative relationship indicators, such as maternal intrusiveness and hostility, predicted soothing/regulatory (i.e. nurturing) and reactive/regulatory types of touch, even after controlling for maternal depression. Taken together, these results underscore the importance of touch for infant communication and regulation during early social interactions. SN - 1934-8800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19232741/Touching_behaviors_of_infants_of_depressed_mothers_during_normal_and_perturbed_interactions_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0163-6383(09)00016-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -