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Cannabis use and destructive periodontal diseases among adolescents.
J Clin Periodontol 2009; 36(3):185-9JC

Abstract

AIM

The aim of this experiment was to investigate the association between cannabis use and destructive periodontal disease among adolescents.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Data from a population screening examination carried out among Chilean high school students from the Province of Santiago were used to determine whether there was an association between the use of cannabis and signs of periodontal diseases as defined by (1) the presence of necrotizing ulcerative gingival (NUG) lesions or (2) the presence of clinical attachment loss (CAL) > or =3 mm. The cannabis exposures variables considered were "Ever use of cannabis" (yes/no) and "Regular use of cannabis" (yes/no). The associations were investigated using multiple logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, gender, paternal income, paternal education, frequency of tooth-brushing and time since last dental visit.

RESULTS

Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that "Ever use of cannabis" was significantly negatively associated with the presence of NUG lesions (OR=0.47 [0.2;0.9]) among non-smokers only. No significant associations were observed between the presence of CAL > or =3 mm and cannabis use in either of the smoking groups.

CONCLUSIONS

There was no evidence to suggest that the use of cannabis is positively associated with periodontal diseases in this adolescent population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Aarhus, Denmark. rlopez@odont.au.dkNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19236530

Citation

López, Rodrigo, and Vibeke Baelum. "Cannabis Use and Destructive Periodontal Diseases Among Adolescents." Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 36, no. 3, 2009, pp. 185-9.
López R, Baelum V. Cannabis use and destructive periodontal diseases among adolescents. J Clin Periodontol. 2009;36(3):185-9.
López, R., & Baelum, V. (2009). Cannabis use and destructive periodontal diseases among adolescents. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 36(3), pp. 185-9. doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01364.x.
López R, Baelum V. Cannabis Use and Destructive Periodontal Diseases Among Adolescents. J Clin Periodontol. 2009;36(3):185-9. PubMed PMID: 19236530.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cannabis use and destructive periodontal diseases among adolescents. AU - López,Rodrigo, AU - Baelum,Vibeke, PY - 2009/2/25/entrez PY - 2009/2/25/pubmed PY - 2009/7/1/medline SP - 185 EP - 9 JF - Journal of clinical periodontology JO - J. Clin. Periodontol. VL - 36 IS - 3 N2 - AIM: The aim of this experiment was to investigate the association between cannabis use and destructive periodontal disease among adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from a population screening examination carried out among Chilean high school students from the Province of Santiago were used to determine whether there was an association between the use of cannabis and signs of periodontal diseases as defined by (1) the presence of necrotizing ulcerative gingival (NUG) lesions or (2) the presence of clinical attachment loss (CAL) > or =3 mm. The cannabis exposures variables considered were "Ever use of cannabis" (yes/no) and "Regular use of cannabis" (yes/no). The associations were investigated using multiple logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, gender, paternal income, paternal education, frequency of tooth-brushing and time since last dental visit. RESULTS: Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that "Ever use of cannabis" was significantly negatively associated with the presence of NUG lesions (OR=0.47 [0.2;0.9]) among non-smokers only. No significant associations were observed between the presence of CAL > or =3 mm and cannabis use in either of the smoking groups. CONCLUSIONS: There was no evidence to suggest that the use of cannabis is positively associated with periodontal diseases in this adolescent population. SN - 1600-051X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19236530/abstract/Cannabis_use_and_destructive_periodontal_diseases_among_adolescents_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01364.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -