Simultaneous determination of morphine, codeine, 6-acetylmorphine, cocaine and benzoylecgonine in hair by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2009 Apr; 23(7):957-62.RC
A fast and sensitive liquid chromatography/triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination of morphine, codeine, 6-acetylmorphine (6-AM), cocaine and benzoylecgonine (BE) in hair. Pulverized hair samples were extracted with methanol, and a 50 microL supernatant aliquot was injected into the LC/MS/MS system. Chromatography was performed with an XBridge phenyl column (3.5 microm particle size, 4.6 x 150 mm), and the mobile phase was composed of methanol and 10 mM ammonium acetate adjusted to pH 4.00 with 99% formic acid (95:5, v/v). A separation run with isocratic elution was completed in 10 min at a flow rate of 500 microL/min. Positive electrospray ionization and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) with one precursor ion/product ion transition were used for the identification of each analyte. Deuterated analogues as internal standards were used for quantification and qualification. Linearity was established in the concentration range of 100-3000 pg/mg. The limits of detection were 10 pg/mg for morphine, codeine and 6-AM; and 1 pg/mg for cocaine and BE. The precision and accuracy were determined by spiking hair samples at six concentration levels. For all analytes, the relative standard deviations of intra- and inter-day precision were 0.1-6.3% and 1.5-10.6%, respectively. The accuracy ranged from 92.7 to 109.7%. The validated LC/MS/MS method was successfully applied to the analysis of 79 authentic hair samples.