Surgical treatment for scaphocephaly and a calcified cephalohematoma.J Craniofac Surg. 2009 Mar; 20(2):410-3.JC
Craniosynostosis is the premature fusion of 1 or more of the cranial sutures, with sagittal synostosis being the most common nonsyndromic single suture synostosis. The pathogenesis of craniosynostosis has been extensively studied and is likely multi-factorial. A complex interaction between the dura and overlying suture via multiple growth factors seems to play the most important role. There have been 3 published studies with patients presenting with scaphocephaly and a cephalohematoma, which raises the question of how the 2 conditions may be related. Cephalohematomas can be seen after trauma and a number of other causative factors but usually resorb over time without sequela. In a small percentage of cases, the hematoma persists and calcifies, leading to significant asymmetry and deformity of the skull. Once it reaches this point, surgical intervention may be required to correct the resulting skull deformity. We present a child with scaphocephaly and a cephalohematoma who underwent surgical correction with resection of the cephalohematoma and sagittal suturectomy with spring-assisted surgery.