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Are children with type 1 diabetes consuming a healthful diet?: a review of the current evidence and strategies for dietary change.

Abstract

PURPOSE

The purpose of this study is to review the literature on usual dietary intake in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and to discuss approaches to promote dietary change with potential efficacy.

METHODS

Search strategies included a MEDLINE search for English-language articles that estimated usual dietary intake in children with T1D and a screening of the reference lists from original studies. The keywords used were diet, dietary intake, nutrition, type 1 diabetes, children, adolescents, and youth. Studies were included if they were observational, contained a sample of children with T1D, and estimated usual dietary intake.

RESULTS

Nine studies fulfilled the criteria (6 US, 3 European). Of the 4 studies with a control group, 3 reported that both total fat and saturated fat intake were higher in the children with T1D. Six studies examined the percent of total calories from saturated fat; mean intake ranged from 11 to 15%, exceeding ADA recommendations (< 7%). Fruit, vegetable, and fiber intakes were low among children with T1D. No prior studies have addressed dietary change in this population. The behavior-change literature suggests that nutrition education alone is unlikely to be adequate, but that incorporation of behavioral approaches offers potential efficacy in promoting healthful dietary change.

CONCLUSIONS

Children with T1D are not meeting dietary guidelines, and in some areas their diets are less healthful than children without diabetes. As these dietary behaviors may affect the risk of long-term complications, the incorporation of behavioral approaches promoting healthy eating into routine clinical practice is warranted.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    The Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland.

    The Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland.

    Source

    The Diabetes educator 35:1 pg 97-107

    MeSH

    Behavior Therapy
    Child
    Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
    Diet, Diabetic
    Dietary Fats
    Energy Intake
    Health Promotion
    Humans
    Motivation
    Patient Education as Topic
    Problem Solving

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    19244565

    Citation

    Rovner, Alisha J., and Tonja R. Nansel. "Are Children With Type 1 Diabetes Consuming a Healthful Diet?: a Review of the Current Evidence and Strategies for Dietary Change." The Diabetes Educator, vol. 35, no. 1, 2009, pp. 97-107.
    Rovner AJ, Nansel TR. Are children with type 1 diabetes consuming a healthful diet?: a review of the current evidence and strategies for dietary change. Diabetes Educ. 2009;35(1):97-107.
    Rovner, A. J., & Nansel, T. R. (2009). Are children with type 1 diabetes consuming a healthful diet?: a review of the current evidence and strategies for dietary change. The Diabetes Educator, 35(1), pp. 97-107. doi:10.1177/0145721708326699.
    Rovner AJ, Nansel TR. Are Children With Type 1 Diabetes Consuming a Healthful Diet?: a Review of the Current Evidence and Strategies for Dietary Change. Diabetes Educ. 2009;35(1):97-107. PubMed PMID: 19244565.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Are children with type 1 diabetes consuming a healthful diet?: a review of the current evidence and strategies for dietary change. AU - Rovner,Alisha J, AU - Nansel,Tonja R, PY - 2009/2/27/entrez PY - 2009/2/27/pubmed PY - 2009/3/31/medline SP - 97 EP - 107 JF - The Diabetes educator JO - Diabetes Educ VL - 35 IS - 1 N2 - PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to review the literature on usual dietary intake in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and to discuss approaches to promote dietary change with potential efficacy. METHODS: Search strategies included a MEDLINE search for English-language articles that estimated usual dietary intake in children with T1D and a screening of the reference lists from original studies. The keywords used were diet, dietary intake, nutrition, type 1 diabetes, children, adolescents, and youth. Studies were included if they were observational, contained a sample of children with T1D, and estimated usual dietary intake. RESULTS: Nine studies fulfilled the criteria (6 US, 3 European). Of the 4 studies with a control group, 3 reported that both total fat and saturated fat intake were higher in the children with T1D. Six studies examined the percent of total calories from saturated fat; mean intake ranged from 11 to 15%, exceeding ADA recommendations (< 7%). Fruit, vegetable, and fiber intakes were low among children with T1D. No prior studies have addressed dietary change in this population. The behavior-change literature suggests that nutrition education alone is unlikely to be adequate, but that incorporation of behavioral approaches offers potential efficacy in promoting healthful dietary change. CONCLUSIONS: Children with T1D are not meeting dietary guidelines, and in some areas their diets are less healthful than children without diabetes. As these dietary behaviors may affect the risk of long-term complications, the incorporation of behavioral approaches promoting healthy eating into routine clinical practice is warranted. SN - 0145-7217 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19244565/full_citation L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0145721708326699?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -