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Regulating agents, functional interactions, and stimulus-reaction-schemes: the concept of "organism" in the organic system theories of Stahl, Bordeu, and Barthez.
Sci Context. 2008 Dec; 21(4):495-519.SC

Abstract

In this essay, I sketch a problem-based framework within which I locate the concept of "organism" in the system theories of Georg Ernst Stahl, Théophile Bordeu, and Paul-Joseph Barthez. Around 1700, Stahl coins the word "organism" for a certain concept of order. For him, the concept explains the form of order of living bodies that is categorically different from the order of other (dead) bodies or composites. At the end of the century, the "organism" as a specific form of order becomes a major topos in many discourses. I will not so much focus on experiments and objects as on basic problems that contribute to the general framework of the concept of organism as a key concept of the vitalist movement between 1700 and 1800. For this purpose, I will investigate the combination of three explanatory tools. These tools refer to regulating agents, functional interactions, and stimulus-reactions-schemes within individual organic systems of forces. They are related to various themes--especially to energy, sensibility, and sympathy. I will retrace some aspects of these relations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Kulturwissenschaftliches Seminar, Humboldt-Universität Berlin.

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19245104

Citation

Cheung, Tobias. "Regulating Agents, Functional Interactions, and Stimulus-reaction-schemes: the Concept of "organism" in the Organic System Theories of Stahl, Bordeu, and Barthez." Science in Context, vol. 21, no. 4, 2008, pp. 495-519.
Cheung T. Regulating agents, functional interactions, and stimulus-reaction-schemes: the concept of "organism" in the organic system theories of Stahl, Bordeu, and Barthez. Sci Context. 2008;21(4):495-519.
Cheung, T. (2008). Regulating agents, functional interactions, and stimulus-reaction-schemes: the concept of "organism" in the organic system theories of Stahl, Bordeu, and Barthez. Science in Context, 21(4), 495-519.
Cheung T. Regulating Agents, Functional Interactions, and Stimulus-reaction-schemes: the Concept of "organism" in the Organic System Theories of Stahl, Bordeu, and Barthez. Sci Context. 2008;21(4):495-519. PubMed PMID: 19245104.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Regulating agents, functional interactions, and stimulus-reaction-schemes: the concept of "organism" in the organic system theories of Stahl, Bordeu, and Barthez. A1 - Cheung,Tobias, PY - 2009/2/28/entrez PY - 2009/2/28/pubmed PY - 2009/3/25/medline SP - 495 EP - 519 JF - Science in context JO - Sci Context VL - 21 IS - 4 N2 - In this essay, I sketch a problem-based framework within which I locate the concept of "organism" in the system theories of Georg Ernst Stahl, Théophile Bordeu, and Paul-Joseph Barthez. Around 1700, Stahl coins the word "organism" for a certain concept of order. For him, the concept explains the form of order of living bodies that is categorically different from the order of other (dead) bodies or composites. At the end of the century, the "organism" as a specific form of order becomes a major topos in many discourses. I will not so much focus on experiments and objects as on basic problems that contribute to the general framework of the concept of organism as a key concept of the vitalist movement between 1700 and 1800. For this purpose, I will investigate the combination of three explanatory tools. These tools refer to regulating agents, functional interactions, and stimulus-reactions-schemes within individual organic systems of forces. They are related to various themes--especially to energy, sensibility, and sympathy. I will retrace some aspects of these relations. SN - 0269-8897 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19245104/Regulating_agents_functional_interactions_and_stimulus_reaction_schemes:_the_concept_of_"organism"_in_the_organic_system_theories_of_Stahl_Bordeu_and_Barthez_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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