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Correlates of fruit and vegetable intakes in US children.
J Am Diet Assoc 2009; 109(3):474-8JA

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the quality of the current intakes of fruits and vegetables compared to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans in US children and adolescents and identify factors related to low fruit and vegetable intake. This descriptive study examined differences in fruit and vegetable intakes by age, sex, ethnicity, poverty level, body mass index, and food security status utilizing data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Six thousand five hundred thirteen children and adolescents ages 2 to 18 years, who were respondents to the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Mean fruit and vegetable intakes were computed using 24-hour recalls for individuals and compared using analysis of variance. Leading contributors to fruit and vegetable intake were identified using frequency analysis. Children aged 2 to 5 years had significantly higher total fruit and juice intakes than 6- to 11- and 12- to 18-year-olds. Total vegetable and french fry intake was significantly higher among 12- to 18-year-old adolescents. Regarding sex differences, boys consumed significantly more fruit juice and french fries than girls. In addition, non-Hispanic African-American children and adolescents consumed significantly more dark-green vegetables and fewer mean deep-yellow vegetables than Mexican-American and non-Hispanic white children and adolescents. Total fruit consumption also differed significantly among race/ethnicities and household income. Children and adolescents most at risk for higher intakes of energy-dense fruits and vegetables (fruit juice and french fries) were generally boys, and adolescents, at risk for overweight or overweight and living in households below 350% of the poverty level.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Nutrition, The Ohio State University, Columbus 43210-1234, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19248865

Citation

Lorson, Barbara A., et al. "Correlates of Fruit and Vegetable Intakes in US Children." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 109, no. 3, 2009, pp. 474-8.
Lorson BA, Melgar-Quinonez HR, Taylor CA. Correlates of fruit and vegetable intakes in US children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(3):474-8.
Lorson, B. A., Melgar-Quinonez, H. R., & Taylor, C. A. (2009). Correlates of fruit and vegetable intakes in US children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109(3), pp. 474-8. doi:10.1016/j.jada.2008.11.022.
Lorson BA, Melgar-Quinonez HR, Taylor CA. Correlates of Fruit and Vegetable Intakes in US Children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(3):474-8. PubMed PMID: 19248865.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Correlates of fruit and vegetable intakes in US children. AU - Lorson,Barbara A, AU - Melgar-Quinonez,Hugo R, AU - Taylor,Christopher A, PY - 2006/12/19/received PY - 2008/08/18/accepted PY - 2009/3/3/entrez PY - 2009/3/3/pubmed PY - 2009/3/27/medline SP - 474 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 109 IS - 3 N2 - The objective of this study was to assess the quality of the current intakes of fruits and vegetables compared to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans in US children and adolescents and identify factors related to low fruit and vegetable intake. This descriptive study examined differences in fruit and vegetable intakes by age, sex, ethnicity, poverty level, body mass index, and food security status utilizing data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Six thousand five hundred thirteen children and adolescents ages 2 to 18 years, who were respondents to the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Mean fruit and vegetable intakes were computed using 24-hour recalls for individuals and compared using analysis of variance. Leading contributors to fruit and vegetable intake were identified using frequency analysis. Children aged 2 to 5 years had significantly higher total fruit and juice intakes than 6- to 11- and 12- to 18-year-olds. Total vegetable and french fry intake was significantly higher among 12- to 18-year-old adolescents. Regarding sex differences, boys consumed significantly more fruit juice and french fries than girls. In addition, non-Hispanic African-American children and adolescents consumed significantly more dark-green vegetables and fewer mean deep-yellow vegetables than Mexican-American and non-Hispanic white children and adolescents. Total fruit consumption also differed significantly among race/ethnicities and household income. Children and adolescents most at risk for higher intakes of energy-dense fruits and vegetables (fruit juice and french fries) were generally boys, and adolescents, at risk for overweight or overweight and living in households below 350% of the poverty level. SN - 1878-3570 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19248865/Correlates_of_fruit_and_vegetable_intakes_in_US_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(08)02185-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -