Placental pathology in egg donor pregnancies.Fertil Steril. 2010 Feb; 93(2):397-404.FS
To determine placental pathology and immune response at the maternal-fetal interface in pregnancies conceived by IVF via egg donation compared with nondonor IVF pregnancies.
Retrospective case-control study.
Academic medical center.
The study population included 20 egg donor and 33 nondonor IVF pregnancies of >24 weeks' gestation.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S)
Perinatal complications (gestational hypertension, abruption, preterm delivery, cesarean section), microscopic features indicating an immune response and trophoblast damage, and characterization of inflammatory cells using immunohistochemistry.
There was an increase in gestational hypertension and preterm delivery in egg donor pregnancies. Dense fibrinoid deposition in the basal plate with severe chronic deciduitis containing significantly increased numbers of T helper and natural killer cells were demonstrated in egg donor placentas. Trophoblast damage was also increased in the preterm egg donor group.
There are significant histological and immunohistochemical differences between the placentas of egg donor and nondonor IVF pregnancies. The increased immune activity and fibrinoid deposition at the maternal-fetal interface of egg donor pregnancies could represent a host versus graft rejection-like phenomenon.