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Salivary alpha-amylase as a non-invasive biomarker for the sympathetic nervous system: current state of research.
Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2009 May; 34(4):486-96.P

Abstract

Development of new biomarkers is a constantly evolving field of research endeavor in psychoneuroendocrinology. Salivary biomarkers have received special attention since they are readily accessible and easily obtained. Salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) has been proposed as a sensitive biomarker for stress-related changes in the body that reflect the activity of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), and a growing body of research is accumulating to support the validity and reliability of this parameter. However, questions remain to be answered before sAA can be accepted as an index of SNS activity. This review describes sAA as an emerging biomarker for stress and provides an overview of the current literature on stress-related alterations in sAA. It critically discusses how sAA might reflect changes in the autonomic nervous system. Finally, current and future fields for the application of sAA measurement are outlined.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Zurich, Institute of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Zurich, Switzerland. u.nater@psychologie.uzh.chNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19249160

Citation

Nater, U M., and N Rohleder. "Salivary Alpha-amylase as a Non-invasive Biomarker for the Sympathetic Nervous System: Current State of Research." Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 34, no. 4, 2009, pp. 486-96.
Nater UM, Rohleder N. Salivary alpha-amylase as a non-invasive biomarker for the sympathetic nervous system: current state of research. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2009;34(4):486-96.
Nater, U. M., & Rohleder, N. (2009). Salivary alpha-amylase as a non-invasive biomarker for the sympathetic nervous system: current state of research. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34(4), 486-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2009.01.014
Nater UM, Rohleder N. Salivary Alpha-amylase as a Non-invasive Biomarker for the Sympathetic Nervous System: Current State of Research. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2009;34(4):486-96. PubMed PMID: 19249160.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Salivary alpha-amylase as a non-invasive biomarker for the sympathetic nervous system: current state of research. AU - Nater,U M, AU - Rohleder,N, Y1 - 2009/02/26/ PY - 2008/08/13/received PY - 2009/01/23/revised PY - 2009/01/27/accepted PY - 2009/3/3/entrez PY - 2009/3/3/pubmed PY - 2009/6/11/medline SP - 486 EP - 96 JF - Psychoneuroendocrinology JO - Psychoneuroendocrinology VL - 34 IS - 4 N2 - Development of new biomarkers is a constantly evolving field of research endeavor in psychoneuroendocrinology. Salivary biomarkers have received special attention since they are readily accessible and easily obtained. Salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) has been proposed as a sensitive biomarker for stress-related changes in the body that reflect the activity of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), and a growing body of research is accumulating to support the validity and reliability of this parameter. However, questions remain to be answered before sAA can be accepted as an index of SNS activity. This review describes sAA as an emerging biomarker for stress and provides an overview of the current literature on stress-related alterations in sAA. It critically discusses how sAA might reflect changes in the autonomic nervous system. Finally, current and future fields for the application of sAA measurement are outlined. SN - 0306-4530 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19249160/Salivary_alpha_amylase_as_a_non_invasive_biomarker_for_the_sympathetic_nervous_system:_current_state_of_research_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4530(09)00032-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -