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Dietary practices and nutritional status of 0-24-month-old children from Brazilian Amazonia.
Public Health Nutr. 2009 Dec; 12(12):2335-42.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the nutritional status and dietary practices of 0-24-month-old children living in Brazilian Amazonia.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study. Information on children's dietary intakes was obtained from diet history data. Weight and length were measured for anthropometric evaluation. Fe status was assessed using fasting venous blood samples; Hb, serum ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor concentrations were measured.

SETTING

The towns of Assis Brasil and Acrelândia in the state of Acre, north-west Brazil.

SUBJECTS

A total of sixty-nine randomly selected 0-24-month-old children.

RESULTS

Of these children, 40.3 % were anaemic, 63.1 % were Fe-deficient, 28.1 % had Fe-deficiency anaemia and 11.6 % were stunted. Breast-feeding was initiated by 97.1 % of mothers, followed by early feeding with complementary foods. The dietary pattern reflected a high intake of carbohydrate-rich foods and cow's milk, with irregular intakes of fruit, vegetables and meat. All infants and 92.3 % of toddlers were at risk of inadequate Fe intakes. Fe from animal foods contributed on average 0.5 % and 14.3 % to total dietary Fe intake among infants and toddlers, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

Poor nutritional status and inadequate feeding practices in this study population reinforce the importance of exclusive breast-feeding during the first 6 months of life. Greater emphasis is required to improve the bioavailability of dietary Fe during complementary feeding practices.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, Av Dr Arnaldo 715, São Paulo, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19257920

Citation

Castro, T G., et al. "Dietary Practices and Nutritional Status of 0-24-month-old Children From Brazilian Amazonia." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 12, 2009, pp. 2335-42.
Castro TG, Baraldi LG, Muniz PT, et al. Dietary practices and nutritional status of 0-24-month-old children from Brazilian Amazonia. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(12):2335-42.
Castro, T. G., Baraldi, L. G., Muniz, P. T., & Cardoso, M. A. (2009). Dietary practices and nutritional status of 0-24-month-old children from Brazilian Amazonia. Public Health Nutrition, 12(12), 2335-42. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980009004923
Castro TG, et al. Dietary Practices and Nutritional Status of 0-24-month-old Children From Brazilian Amazonia. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(12):2335-42. PubMed PMID: 19257920.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary practices and nutritional status of 0-24-month-old children from Brazilian Amazonia. AU - Castro,T G, AU - Baraldi,L G, AU - Muniz,P T, AU - Cardoso,M A, Y1 - 2009/03/04/ PY - 2009/3/5/entrez PY - 2009/3/5/pubmed PY - 2010/1/26/medline SP - 2335 EP - 42 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 12 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status and dietary practices of 0-24-month-old children living in Brazilian Amazonia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Information on children's dietary intakes was obtained from diet history data. Weight and length were measured for anthropometric evaluation. Fe status was assessed using fasting venous blood samples; Hb, serum ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor concentrations were measured. SETTING: The towns of Assis Brasil and Acrelândia in the state of Acre, north-west Brazil. SUBJECTS: A total of sixty-nine randomly selected 0-24-month-old children. RESULTS: Of these children, 40.3 % were anaemic, 63.1 % were Fe-deficient, 28.1 % had Fe-deficiency anaemia and 11.6 % were stunted. Breast-feeding was initiated by 97.1 % of mothers, followed by early feeding with complementary foods. The dietary pattern reflected a high intake of carbohydrate-rich foods and cow's milk, with irregular intakes of fruit, vegetables and meat. All infants and 92.3 % of toddlers were at risk of inadequate Fe intakes. Fe from animal foods contributed on average 0.5 % and 14.3 % to total dietary Fe intake among infants and toddlers, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Poor nutritional status and inadequate feeding practices in this study population reinforce the importance of exclusive breast-feeding during the first 6 months of life. Greater emphasis is required to improve the bioavailability of dietary Fe during complementary feeding practices. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19257920/Dietary_practices_and_nutritional_status_of_0_24_month_old_children_from_Brazilian_Amazonia_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980009004923/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -