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Time trends and characteristics of childhood cancer among children age 0-14 in Shanghai.
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2009; 53(1):13-6PB

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aim of this article is to analyze the time trends during 1973-2005 in urban Shanghai and to describe the current characteristics of childhood cancer in Shanghai.

PROCEDURE

All data were from the Shanghai Cancer Registry. Time trends of period 1973-2005 in urban Shanghai of males and females were assessed by annual percentage change of incidence. The current characteristics of Shanghai childhood cancer average annual incidence were analyzed regarding sex, age, and cancer types. All cancers were allocated into 12 major groupings of ICCC.

RESULTS

Over the 33-year period, the overall age-standardized incidence rate for all cancers combined has no substantial change or trend in urban Shanghai aged 0-14. A total of 609 cases of childhood cancer were diagnosed in Shanghai from 2002 to 2005. The ASR of 2002-2005 is 129.0 per million for all cancers combined, and it was almost similar in males (128.5 per million) and in females (129.6 per million). Incidence rates are highest in the first 5 years of life with 173.3 per million. Leukaemia was the most common cancer (34.5%). Brain and spinal tumour was the second most common cancer (20.2%), followed by lymphomas (8.4%). The relative frequencies of Wilms tumour (2.0%) and Ewing sarcoma (0.5%) were lower than those reported from western countries.

CONCLUSION

During 1973-2005, the trend of childhood cancer incidence in urban Shanghai has shown no significant change. Incidence of childhood cancers in Shanghai was in the medium level compared to other parts of the world and the relative frequencies of various cancers were comparable.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Shanghai Cancer Registry, Department of Cancer Control & Prevention, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Prevention & Control, Shanghai, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19260104

Citation

Bao, Ping-Ping, et al. "Time Trends and Characteristics of Childhood Cancer Among Children Age 0-14 in Shanghai." Pediatric Blood & Cancer, vol. 53, no. 1, 2009, pp. 13-6.
Bao PP, Zheng Y, Wang CF, et al. Time trends and characteristics of childhood cancer among children age 0-14 in Shanghai. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2009;53(1):13-6.
Bao, P. P., Zheng, Y., Wang, C. F., Gu, K., Jin, F., & Lu, W. (2009). Time trends and characteristics of childhood cancer among children age 0-14 in Shanghai. Pediatric Blood & Cancer, 53(1), pp. 13-6. doi:10.1002/pbc.21939.
Bao PP, et al. Time Trends and Characteristics of Childhood Cancer Among Children Age 0-14 in Shanghai. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2009;53(1):13-6. PubMed PMID: 19260104.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Time trends and characteristics of childhood cancer among children age 0-14 in Shanghai. AU - Bao,Ping-Ping, AU - Zheng,Ying, AU - Wang,Chun-Fang, AU - Gu,Kai, AU - Jin,Fan, AU - Lu,Wei, PY - 2009/3/5/entrez PY - 2009/3/5/pubmed PY - 2009/6/3/medline SP - 13 EP - 6 JF - Pediatric blood & cancer JO - Pediatr Blood Cancer VL - 53 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of this article is to analyze the time trends during 1973-2005 in urban Shanghai and to describe the current characteristics of childhood cancer in Shanghai. PROCEDURE: All data were from the Shanghai Cancer Registry. Time trends of period 1973-2005 in urban Shanghai of males and females were assessed by annual percentage change of incidence. The current characteristics of Shanghai childhood cancer average annual incidence were analyzed regarding sex, age, and cancer types. All cancers were allocated into 12 major groupings of ICCC. RESULTS: Over the 33-year period, the overall age-standardized incidence rate for all cancers combined has no substantial change or trend in urban Shanghai aged 0-14. A total of 609 cases of childhood cancer were diagnosed in Shanghai from 2002 to 2005. The ASR of 2002-2005 is 129.0 per million for all cancers combined, and it was almost similar in males (128.5 per million) and in females (129.6 per million). Incidence rates are highest in the first 5 years of life with 173.3 per million. Leukaemia was the most common cancer (34.5%). Brain and spinal tumour was the second most common cancer (20.2%), followed by lymphomas (8.4%). The relative frequencies of Wilms tumour (2.0%) and Ewing sarcoma (0.5%) were lower than those reported from western countries. CONCLUSION: During 1973-2005, the trend of childhood cancer incidence in urban Shanghai has shown no significant change. Incidence of childhood cancers in Shanghai was in the medium level compared to other parts of the world and the relative frequencies of various cancers were comparable. SN - 1545-5017 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19260104/Time_trends_and_characteristics_of_childhood_cancer_among_children_age_0_14_in_Shanghai_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/pbc.21939 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -