Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and its risk factors in a population-based study of Qatar.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes, pre-diabetes and to identify the associated risk factors in the sample of adult Qatari population.

DESIGN

This was a cross-sectional study.

SETTING

The survey was carried out in urban and semi-urban primary health care centers.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

The survey was conducted from January 2007 to July 2008 among Qatari nationals above 20 years of age. Of the 1434 subjects who were approached to participate in the study, 1117 (77.9%) gave their consent. Face to face interviews were conducted using a structured questionnaire followed by laboratory tests. DM was defined according to the WHO expert group. Pre diabetes status was based on the presence of impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance.

RESULTS

The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus among adult Qatari population was high (16.7%) with diagnosed DM (10.7%) and newly diagnosed DM (5.9%). The impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) was diagnosed in 12.5%, while impaired fasting glucose was in 1.3% with a total of (13.8%). The proportion of DM was higher in Qatari women (53.2%) than in Qatari men (46.8%) and it peaked in the age group 40-49 years (31.2%). The age-specific prevalence of total DM and IGT increased with age. Risk factors were significantly higher in diabetic adult Qatari population: central obesity (p<0.001), hypertension (p<0.001), triglyceride (p<0.001), HDL (p=0.003), metabolic syndrome (p<0.001), heart diseases (p<0.001). Smoking habits and family history of DM were the major contributors for diabetes disease. The central obesity was associated with higher prevalence of DM and IFG among Qatari men and women.

CONCLUSION

The present study has found a moderately high prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the adult Qatari population. High proportion of pre-diabetes in Qatari adults will increase the prevalence of DM in the next few years. Smoking habits and family history of DM were the major contributors for DM. Early diagnosis of DM is of major importance to reduce the risk of these diabetes-related conditions.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Dept. of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, Hamad Medical Corporation, Qatar. abener@hmc.org.qa

    , , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Diabetes Mellitus
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Prediabetic State
    Qatar
    Risk Factors
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    19261345

    Citation

    Bener, Abdulbari, et al. "Prevalence of Diagnosed and Undiagnosed Diabetes Mellitus and Its Risk Factors in a Population-based Study of Qatar." Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 84, no. 1, 2009, pp. 99-106.
    Bener A, Zirie M, Janahi IM, et al. Prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and its risk factors in a population-based study of Qatar. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2009;84(1):99-106.
    Bener, A., Zirie, M., Janahi, I. M., Al-Hamaq, A. O., Musallam, M., & Wareham, N. J. (2009). Prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and its risk factors in a population-based study of Qatar. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 84(1), pp. 99-106. doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2009.02.003.
    Bener A, et al. Prevalence of Diagnosed and Undiagnosed Diabetes Mellitus and Its Risk Factors in a Population-based Study of Qatar. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2009;84(1):99-106. PubMed PMID: 19261345.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and its risk factors in a population-based study of Qatar. AU - Bener,Abdulbari, AU - Zirie,Mahmoud, AU - Janahi,Ibrahim M, AU - Al-Hamaq,Abdulla O A A, AU - Musallam,Manal, AU - Wareham,Nick J, Y1 - 2009/03/03/ PY - 2008/10/22/received PY - 2009/01/26/revised PY - 2009/02/03/accepted PY - 2009/3/6/entrez PY - 2009/3/6/pubmed PY - 2009/6/24/medline SP - 99 EP - 106 JF - Diabetes research and clinical practice JO - Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract. VL - 84 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes, pre-diabetes and to identify the associated risk factors in the sample of adult Qatari population. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: The survey was carried out in urban and semi-urban primary health care centers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The survey was conducted from January 2007 to July 2008 among Qatari nationals above 20 years of age. Of the 1434 subjects who were approached to participate in the study, 1117 (77.9%) gave their consent. Face to face interviews were conducted using a structured questionnaire followed by laboratory tests. DM was defined according to the WHO expert group. Pre diabetes status was based on the presence of impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus among adult Qatari population was high (16.7%) with diagnosed DM (10.7%) and newly diagnosed DM (5.9%). The impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) was diagnosed in 12.5%, while impaired fasting glucose was in 1.3% with a total of (13.8%). The proportion of DM was higher in Qatari women (53.2%) than in Qatari men (46.8%) and it peaked in the age group 40-49 years (31.2%). The age-specific prevalence of total DM and IGT increased with age. Risk factors were significantly higher in diabetic adult Qatari population: central obesity (p<0.001), hypertension (p<0.001), triglyceride (p<0.001), HDL (p=0.003), metabolic syndrome (p<0.001), heart diseases (p<0.001). Smoking habits and family history of DM were the major contributors for diabetes disease. The central obesity was associated with higher prevalence of DM and IFG among Qatari men and women. CONCLUSION: The present study has found a moderately high prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the adult Qatari population. High proportion of pre-diabetes in Qatari adults will increase the prevalence of DM in the next few years. Smoking habits and family history of DM were the major contributors for DM. Early diagnosis of DM is of major importance to reduce the risk of these diabetes-related conditions. SN - 1872-8227 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19261345/Prevalence_of_diagnosed_and_undiagnosed_diabetes_mellitus_and_its_risk_factors_in_a_population_based_study_of_Qatar_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0168-8227(09)00067-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -