Short report: Development of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) in miltefosine-treated visceral leishmaniasis.Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Mar; 80(3):336-8.AJ
We report two cases of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL), which had subsequently developed after successful treatment of visceral leishmaniasis with miltefosine. Both patients had maculo-nodular lesions all over the body, and they were diagnosed as PKDL by parasitologic examination for Leishmania donovani bodies in a skin snip of lesions. Patients were put on amphotericin B and responded very well for nodular lesions with one course of treatment. However, longer duration of the treatment is needed for total clearance of macular lesions from body surface in PKDL cases. This is the first case report of PKDL in India, which developed after successful treatment of visceral leishmaniasis with miltefosine.