Analysis of viscoelastic wall properties in ovine arteries.IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2009; 56(2):210-9IT
In this paper, we analyze how elastic and viscoelastic properties differ across seven locations along the large arteries in 11 sheep. We employ a two-parameter elastic model and a four-parameter Kelvin viscoelastic model to analyze experimental measurements of vessel diameter and blood pressure obtained in vitro at conditions mimicking in vivo dynamics. Elastic and viscoelastic wall properties were assessed via solutions to the associated inverse problem. We use sensitivity analysis to rank the model parameters from the most to the least sensitive, as well as to compute standard errors and confidence intervals. Results reveal that elastic properties in both models (including Young's modulus and the viscoelastic relaxation parameters) vary across locations (smaller arteries are stiffer than larger arteries). We also show that for all locations, the inclusion of viscoelastic behavior is important to capture pressure-area dynamics.