Biodegradability of chlorophenol wastewater enhanced by solar photo-Fenton process.Water Sci Technol. 2009; 59(5):973-8.WS
The combination of solar irradiation and Fenton reagent have been used to enhance the biodegradability (BOD(5)/COD) of chlorophenol wastewater, including 2-chlorophenol (2-CP), 4-chlorophenol (4-CP), and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP). Results showed that the solar photo-Fenton process improved significantly the biodegradability of chlorophenol wastewater. Basically, increasing initial H(2)O(2) dosage was much more beneficial for increasing biodegradability of wastewater than increasing initial Fe(2 +) dosage. Among the conditions studied, the optimum condition of increasing biodegradability of chlorophenol wastewater was found with a [H(2)O(2)](0)/[Fe(2 +)](0)/[chlorophenol](0) ratio of 10.0/0.2/1.0, 10.0/0.3/1.0, and 10.0/0.2/1.0 for 2-CP, 4-CP, and 2,4-DCP, respectively. As a result, the value of BOD(5)/COD was increased from 0 for untreated solution up to 0.231, 0.248, and 0.193 for 2-CP, 4-CP, and 2,4-DCP, respectively with a 15-min treatment. Under the operation of optimum conditions, the oxidative state of chlorophenol wastewater could be easily controlled into a higher biodegradability stage. The COD and TOC degradation efficiency could be in excess of 90% on the whole as the preoxidized chlorophenol solution was treated by a following batch-type biological unit. In the meanwhile, the microtoxicity of wastewater reduced more than 95%.