Sivelestat reduces myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury in rat hearts even when administered after onset of myocardial ischemia.Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2009 Jun; 8(6):629-34.IC
Sivelestat, a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, has been shown to attenuate pulmonary injury during ischemia and reperfusion by improving microcirculation and may be effective as a cardioprotective agent. Isolated rat hearts were Langendorff-perfused (constant pressure, 75 mmHg) with oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer (KHB). The optimal sivelestat concentration at 19 micromol/l was revealed because left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) recovery in 19 micromol/l sivelestat was highest among 0.19, 1.9, 19, 190, and 1900 micromol/l sivelestat (26+/-10, 33+/-7, 56+/-5*, 35+/-2, and 15+/-5%, respectively; *P<0.01). In order to examine the optimal administration timing, sivelestat was administered at pre- and post-ischemic phases. LVDP recovery and troponin-T were observed in pre-, post-ischemic sivelestat groups and control. After 60 min-reperfusion, LVDP recoveries were 42+/-10*, 45+/-19*, and 14+/-5%, respectively (*P<0.01 compared to control), and troponin-T values were 4+/-1, 2+/-1**, and 8+/-2, respectively (**P<0.05 compared to control). Acetylcholine-induced increase in coronary flow was also investigated to examine the sivelestat's cardioprotective mechanism. Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) impaired the acetylcholine-induced increase in coronary flow (maximal changes: sham, 125+/-11%; I/R, 98+/-3; P<0.01) and this impairment was attenuated by sivelestat-perfusion at reperfusion (maximal change: 112+/-7%; P<0.05 vs. I/R). Sivelestat attenuates coronary endothelial ischemia-reperfusion injury and improves myocardial protection even when administered at the reperfusion period. This suggests a role for sivelestat in the preservation of coronary endothelial function enhancing myocardial protection.